A Guide to the Amphibians
and Reptiles of California

California Lizards


This is a complete llst of all of the lizards that occur naturally in California, including non-native species with established populations.

California's lizards are listed by scientific name and sorted by family, genus, species, and subspecies if applicable.
They are listed by common name below the scientific name list.
Follow the blue links to go to a page with information about each kind of lizard along with pictures of them and their habitat and short videos if available.

The names used on this list are based mainly on lists published by the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.

More Lists And Information About California Lizards

Scientific Name
Common Name Original Description Alternate Name CA Endemic
Order Squamata Scaled Reptiles (Lizards) Oppel, 1811
Anguidae Alligator Lizards and Allies Gray, 1825    
Elgaria Western Alligator Lizards Gray, 1838    
Elgaria coerulea Northern Alligator Lizard Wiegmann, 1828    
  Elgaria coerulea coerulea San Francisco Alligator Lizard (Wiegmann, 1828)   Endemic
  Elgaria coerulea palmeri Sierra Alligator Lizard (Stejneger, 1893)
  Elgaria coerulea principis Northwestern Alligator Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
  Elgaria coerulea shastensis Shasta Alligator Lizard (Fitch, 1934)    
Elgaria multicarinata Southern Alligator Lizard (Blainville, 1835)
  Elgaria multicarinata multicarinata Forest Alligator Lizard (California Alligator Lizard) (Blainville, 1835) California Alligator Lizard  
  Elgaria multicarinata webbii Woodland Alligator Lizard (San Diego Alligator Lizard) (Baird, 1859 “1858”) San Diego Alligator Lizard  
Elgaria panamintina Panamint Alligator Lizard (Stebbins, 1958)   Endemic
Anniellidae North American Legless lizards Boulenger 1885    
Anniella North American Legless Lizards Gray, 1852    
Anniella alexanderae
Temblor Legless Lizard Papenfuss & Parham, 2013   Endemic
Anniella campi
Big Spring Legless Lizard Papenfuss & Parham, 2013 Southern Sierra Legless Lizard
Anniella grinnelli Bakersfield Legless Lizard Papenfuss & Parham, 2013
Anniella pulchra Northern Legless Lizard Gray, 1852 Northern California Legless Lizard Endemic
Anniella stebbinsi San Diegan Legless Lizard Papenfuss & Parham, 2013 Southern Califonria Legless Lizard
Crotaphytidae Collared and Leopard Lizards Smith & Brodie, 1982    
Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842    
Crotaphytus bicinctores Great Basin Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972    
Crotaphytus vestigium Baja California Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972    
Gambelia Leopard Lizards Baird 1859 “1858”    
Gambelia copeii Cope's Leopard Lizard (Yarrow, 1882)    
Gambelia sila Blunt-nosed Leopard Lizard (Stejneger, 1890)   Endemic
Gambelia wislizenii Long-nosed Leopard Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
Eublepharidae Eyelid Geckos Boulenger, 1883    
Coleonyx Banded Geckos Gray, 1845    
Coleonyx switaki Switak's Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974)    
  Coleonyx switaki switaki Peninsula Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974)    
Coleonyx variegatus Western Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859 “1858”)    
  Coleonyx variegatus abbotti San Diego Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945    
  Coleonyx variegatus variegatus Desert Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859)
Helodermatidae Gila Monsters Gray, 1837    
Heloderma Gila Monsters and Beaded Lizards Wiegmann, 1829    
Heloderma suspectum Gila Monster Cope, 1869    
  Heloderma suspectum cinctum Banded Gila Monster Bogert and Martín del Campo, 1956    
Iguanidae Iguanas Oppel, 1811    
Dipsosaurus Desert Iguanas Hallowell, 1854    
Dipsosaurus dorsalis Desert Iguana (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
  Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis Northern Desert Iguana (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
Sauromalus Chuckwallas Duméril, 1856    
Sauromalus ater Common Chuckwalla Duméril, 1856    
Phrynosomatidae Zebra-tailed, Earless, Fringe-toed, Spiny, Tree, Side-blotched, and Horned Lizards Fitzinger, 1843    
Callisaurus Zebra-tailed Lizards Blainville, 1835    
Callisaurus draconoides Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835    
  Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus Western Zebra-tailed Lizard Cope, 1896    
Petrosaurus Banded Rock Lizards Boulenger, 1885    
Petrosaurus mearnsi Mearns' Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894)    
  Petrosaurus mearnsi mearnsi Mearns' Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894)    
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828    
Phrynosoma blainvillii Blainville's Horned Lizard Gray, 1839 Coast Horned Lizard - Phrynosoma coronatum
Anota blainvillii
Phrynosoma douglasii Pygmy Short-horned Lizard Bell, 1829 Tapaja douglasii  
Phrynosoma mcallii Flat-tailed Horned Lizard Hallowell, 1852 Anota mcallii  
Phrynosoma platyrhinos Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852 Doliosaurus platyrhinos  
  Phrynosoma platyrhinos calidiarum Southern Desert Horned Lizard Cope, 1896 Doliosaurus platyrhinos calidiarum  
  Phrynosoma platyrhinos platyrhinos Northern Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852 Doliosaurus platyrhinos platyrhinos  
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828    
Sceloporus graciosus Common Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus graciosus gracilis Western Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus graciosus graciosus Northern Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus Southern Sagebrush Lizard Cope, 1896    
Sceloporus magister Desert Spiny Lizard Hallowell, 1854    
Sceloporus occidentalis Western Fence Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus occidentalis becki Island Fence Lizard Van Denburgh, 1905   Endemic
  Sceloporus occidentalis biseriatus San Joaquin Fence Lizard Hallowell, 1854   Endemic
  Sceloporus occidentalis bocourtii Coast Range Fence Lizard Boulenger, 1885   Endemic
  Sceloporus occidentalis longipes Great Basin Fence Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858”    
  Sceloporus occidentalis occidentalis Northwestern Fence Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus occidentalis taylori Sierra Fence Lizard Camp, 1916   Endemic
Sceloporus orcutti Granite Spiny Lizard Stejneger, 1893    
Sceloporus uniformis Yellow-backed Spiny Lizard Phelan and Brattstrom, 1955    
Uma Fringe-toed Lizards Baird, 1859 “1858”    
Uma inornata Coachella Fringe-toed Lizard Cope, 1895   Endemic
Uma notata Colorado Desert Fringe-toed Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858”    
Uma scoparia Mohave Fringe-toed Lizard Cope, 1894    
Urosaurus Tree and Bush Lizards Hallowell, 1854    
Urosaurus graciosus Long-tailed Brush Lizard Hallowell, 1854    
   Urosaurus graciosus graciosus Western Long-tailed Brush Lizard Hallowell, 1854    
Urosaurus microscutatus Small-scaled Lizard (Van Denburgh, 1894) Urosaurus nigricaudus (nigricauda) -
Baja California Brush Lizard
Urosaurus ornatus Ornate Tree Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
   Urosaurus ornatus symmetricus Colorado River Tree Lizard (Baird, 1859 “1858”)    
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard, 1852    
Uta stansburiana Common Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
   Uta stansburiana elegans Western Side-blotched Lizard Yarrow, 1882    
   Uta stansburiana nevadensis Nevada Side-blotched Lizard Ruthven, 1913    
Phyllodactylidae Leaf-toed Geckos Gamble, Bauer, Greenbaum, & Jackman 2008  
Phyllodactylus Leaf-toed Geckos Gray, 1828    
  Phyllodactylus nocticolus Peninsula Leaf-toed Gecko Dixon, 1964    
Scincidae Skinks Gray, 1825    
Plestiodon Toothy Skinks Duméril and Bibron, 1839 Eumeces  
Plestiodon gilberti Gilbert's Skink (Van Denburgh, 1896) Eumeces gilberti  
   Plestiodon gilberti cancellosus Variegated Skink (Rodgers and Fitch, 1947) Eumeces gilberti cancellosus Endemic
   Plestiodon gilberti gilberti Greater Brown Skink (Van Denburgh, 1896) Eumeces gilberti gilberti Endemic
   Plestiodon gilberti placerensis Northern Brown Skink (Rodgers, 1944) Eumeces gilberti placerensis Endemic
   Plestiodon gilberti rubricaudatus Western Red-tailed Skink (Taylor, 1935) Eumeces gilberti rubricaudatus  
Plestiodon skiltonianus Western Skink Baird and Girard, 1852 Eumeces skiltonianus  
   Plestiodon skiltonianus interparietalis Coronado Skink (Tanner, 1958 “1957”) Eumeces skiltonianus interparietalis  
   Plestiodon skiltonianus skiltonianus Skilton's Skink Baird and Girard, 1852 Eumeces skiltonianus skiltonianus  
Teiidae Whiptails and Racerunners Gray, 1827    
Aspidoscelis Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843 Cnemidophorus  
Aspidoscelis hyperythra Orange-throated Whiptail (Cope, 1863) Cnemidophorus hyperythrus  
  Aspidoscelis hyperythra beldingi Belding's Orange-throated Whiptail (Stejneger, 1894) Cnemidophorus hyperythrus beldingi  
Aspidoscelis tigris Tiger Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852) Cnemidophorus tigris  
   Aspidoscelis tigris munda California Whiptail (Camp, 1916) Cnemidophorus tigris munda Endemic
   Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri San Diegan Tiger Whiptail (Van Denburgh, 1894) Cnemidophorus tigris stejnegeri  - Coastal Whiptail  
   Aspidoscelis tigris tigris Great Basin Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852) Cnemidophorus tigris tigri  
Xantusiidae Night Lizards Baird, 1858    
Xantusia Night Lizards Baird, 1859 “1858”    
Xantusia gracilis Sandstone Night Lizard Grismer and Galvan, 1986   Endemic
Xantusia henshawi Granite Night Lizard Stejneger, 1893    
Xantusia riversiana Island Night Lizard Cope, 1883    
  Xantusia riversiana reticulata San Clemente Night Lizard Smith, 1946   Endemic
  Xantusia riversiana riversiana San Nicolas Night Lizard Cope, 1883   Endemic
Xantusia sierrae Sierra Night Lizard Bezy, 1967   Endemic
Xantusia vigilis Desert Night Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858”    
Xantusia wigginsi Wiggins' Night Lizard Savage, 1952    

Non-Native Species    (More information about non-native amphibians and reptiles reported in California)

Acanthodactylus Fringe-fingered Lizards, Spiny-toed Lizards, Fringe-toed Lizards Wiegmann, 1834    
Acanthodactylus boskianus Bosc's Fringe-toed Lizard (Daudin, 1802)    
Aspidoscelis Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843 Cnemidophorus  
Aspidoscelis sonorae Sonoran Spotted Whiptail (Lowe and Wright, 1964) Cnemidophorus
Formerly described as Hybrids -
Aspidoscelis flagellicauda
x Aspidoscelis sonorae
Chamaeleonidae Chameleons Gray, 1825    
Trioceros Chameleons Swainson, 1839 Chamaeleo - Laurenti, 1768  
Trioceros jacksonii  Jackson's Chameleon Boulanger, 1896 Chamaeleo jacksonii  
Dactyloidae Anoles Fitzinger, 1843    
Anolis Anoles Daudin, 1802    
Anolis carolinensis Green Anole (Voigt, 1832)    
Anolis sagrei
Brown Anole Dumeril and Bibron, 1837    
Gekkonidae Geckos Gray, 1825    
Cyrtopodion Bow-fingered Geckos Fitzinger, 1843    
Cyrtopodion scabrum Rough-tailed Gecko (Heyden, 1827) Keeled Rock Gecko, Bow-footed Gecko, Rough-tailed Bowfoot Gecko, Rough Bent-toed Gecko, Common Tuberculate Ground Gecko, and Keeled Gecko  
Hemidactylus House Geckos Gray, 1825    
Hemidactylus garnotii Indo-Pacific Gecko Dumeril and Bibron, 1836 Fox Gecko, Garnot's House Gecko  
Hemidactylus mabouia Tropical House Gecko (Moreau de Jonnès, 1818) Wood Slave, African House Gecko, etc.  
Hemidactylus turcicus   Mediterranean Gecko (Linnaeus, 1758) Gray, 1825  
Tarentola Wall Geckos Gray, 1825    
Tarentola annularis 
Ringed Wall Gecko (White-spotted Wall Gecko) (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1827)    
Tarentola mauritanica  
Moorish Gecko (Linnaeus, 1758)    
Lacertidae Lacertid Lizards Cope, 1864    
Podarcis Wall Lizard Wagler, 1830    
Podarcis siculus Italian Wall Lizard (Rafinesque, 1810) = Podarcis sicula  
Skincidae Skinks      
Chalcides (Skinks) Laurenti, 1768    
Chalcides ocellatus Ocellated Skink (Forsskal, 1775) Ocellated Bronze Skink, Eyed Skink, Gongilo  
Trachylepis Afro-Malagasy mabuyas Fitzinger, 1843    
Trachylepis Quinquetaeniata African Five-lined Skink (Lichtenstein, 1823) Mabuya quinquetaeniata
Five-lined Mabuya, Rainbow Mabuya, Rainbow Skink, Rainbow Rock Skink
Common Name      
Alligator Lizards        
Forest Alligator Lizard
(California Alligator Lizard)
Northwestern Alligator Lizard        
San Francisco Alligator Lizard        
Shasta Alligator Lizard        
Sierra Alligator Lizard        
Oregon Alligator Lizard        
Panamint Alligator Lizard        
Woodland Alligator Lizard
(San Diego Alligator Lizard)
Common Chuckwalla        
Collared Lizards        
Baja California Collared Lizard        
Great Basin Collared Lizard        
Fence Lizards (Bluebellies, Swifts)      
Coast Range Fence Lizard        
Great Basin Fence Lizard        
Island Fence Lizard        
Northwestern Fence Lizard        
San Joaquin Fence Lizard        
Sierra Fence Lizard        
Fringe-toed Lizards        
Coachella Valley Fringe-toed Lizard        
Mohave Fringe-toed Lizard        
Sonoran Fringe-toed Lizard        
Desert Banded Gecko        
Peninsular Banded Gecko        
Peninsular Leaf-toed Gecko        
San Diego Banded Gecko        
Gila Monster        
Banded Gila Monster        
Horned Lizards        
Blainville's (Coast) Horned Lizard        
Flat-tailed Horned Lizard        
Northern Desert Horned Lizard        
Pygmy Short-horned Lizard        
Southern Desert Horned Lizard        
Northern Desert Iguana        
Legless Lizards        
Temblor Legless Lizard        
Southern Sierra Legless Lizard        
Bakersfield Legless Lizard        
Northern California Legless Lizard        
Black Legless Lizard        
Southern California Legless Lizard        
Leopard Lizards        
Blunt-nosed Leopard Lizard        
Long-nosed Leopard Lizard        
Night Lizards        
Baja California Night Lizard        
Granite Night Lizard        
Sandstone Night Lizard        
Island Night Lizard        
San Clemente Night Lizard        
San Nicolas Night Lizard        
Desert Night Lizard        
Sierra Night Lizard        
Yucca Night Lizard        
Rock Lizards        
Mearns' Rock Lizard        
Sagebrush Lizards        
Western Sagebrush Lizard        
Northern Sagebrush Lizard        
Southern Sagebrush Lizard        
Side-blotched Lizards        
Nevada Side-blotched Lizard        
Western Side-blotched Lizard        
Variegated Skink        
Greater Brown Skink        
Northern Brown Skink        
Western Red-tailed Skink        
Coronado Skink        
Skilton's Skink        
Spiny Lizards        
Yellow-backed Spiny Lizard        
Desert Spiny Lizard        
Granite Spiny Lizard        
Tree and Brush Lizards        
Small-scaled Lizard        
Colorado River Tree Lizard        
Long-tailed Brush Lizard        
Belding's Orange Throated Whiptail        
California Whiptail        
Coastal Whiptail        
Great Basin Whiptail        
Zebra-tailed Lizards        
Western Zebra-tailed Lizard        
Non-native Species (More information about non-native reptiles and amphibians reported in California)    
Fringe-fingered Lizards,
Spiny-toed Lizards
Bosc's Fringe-toed Lizard        
Green Anole        
Brown Anole        
Jackson's Chameleon        
Indo-Pacific Gecko        
Mediterranean House Gecko        
Moorish Wall Gecko        
Ringed (White-Spotted) Wall Gecko        
Tropical House Gecko        
Rough-tailed Gecko        
African Five-lined Skink        
Wall Lizards        
Italian Wall Lizard        
Gila Spotted Whiptail x
Sonoran Spotted Whiptail

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