A Guide to the Amphibians
and Reptiles of California

Reptiles and Amphibians Endemic to California

observation link

These 72 forms of reptiles and amphibians are found only in California.

I am including recognized subspecies. Some of these taxa may one day prove not to be distinct enough to be given separate species or subspecies status (including Diadophis and Plestiodon), and some may be split into more than one taxon in the future (including Ambystoma californiense and Aneides flavipunctatus) but they are all currently recognized as they are listed below as of October, 2014.

Snakes  -  14
Charina umbratica Southern Rubber Boa
Coluber (Masticophis) lateralis euryxanthus Alameda Striped Racer
Coluber (Masticophis) flagellum ruddocki San Joaquin Coachwhip
Diadophis punctatus vandenburgii Monterrey Ring-necked Snake
Diadophis punctatus amabilis Pacific Ring-necked Snake
Diadophis punctatus pulchellus Coral-bellied Ring-necked Snake
Diadophis punctatus modestus San Bernardino Ring-necked Snake
Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha nuchalata California Nightsnake
Pituophis catenifer pumilus Santa Cruz Island Gophersnake
Thamnophis atratus atratus Santa Cruz Gartersnake
Thamnophis atratus zaxanthus Diablo Range Gartersnake
Thamnophis gigas Giant Gartersnake
Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia San Francisco Gartersnake
Thamnophis sirtalis infernalis California Red-sided Gartersnake
Lizards  -  20
Anniella alexander Temblor Legless Lizard
Anniella campi Southern Sierra Legless Lizard
Anniella grinnelli Bakersfield Legless Lizard
Anniella pulchra Northern California Legless Lizard
Aspidoscelis tigris munda California Whiptail
Elgaria coerulea coerulea San Francisco Alligator Lizard
Elgaria panamintina Panamint Alligator Lizard
Gambelia sila Blunt-nosed Leopard Lizard
Plestiodon (Eumeces) gilberti cancellosus Variegated Skink
Plestiodon (Eumeces) gilberti gilberti Greater Brown Skink
Plestiodon (Eumeces) gilberti placerensis Northern Brown Skink
Sceloporus occidentalis taylori Sierra Fence Lizard
Sceloporus occidentalis becki Island Fence Lizard
Sceloporus occidentalis biseriatus San Joaquin Fence Lizard
Sceloporus occidentalis bocourtii Coast Range Fence Lizard
Uma inornata Coachella Fringe-toed Lizard
Xantusia gracilis Sandstone Night Lizard
Xantusia riversiana reticulata San Clemente Night Lizard
Xantusia riversiana riversiana San Nicholas Night Lizard
Xantusia sierrae Sierra Night Lizard
Turtles  -  0
Frogs  -  4
Anaxyrus (Bufo) canorus Yosemite Toad
Anaxyrus (Bufo) exsul Black Toad
Rana muscosa Southern Mountain Yellow-legged Frog
Rana sierrae
Sierra Nevada Yellow-legged Frog (no longer found in Nevada)
Salamanders  -  35
Ambystoma californiense California Tiger Salamander
Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander
Aneides flavipunctatus niger Santa Cruz Black Salamander
Batrachoseps altasierrae Greenhorn Mountains Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps bramei Fairview Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps campi Inyo Mountains Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps diabolicus Hell Hollow Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps gabrieli San Gabriel Mountains Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps gavilanensis Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps gregarius Gregarious Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps incognitus San Simeon Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps kawia Sequoiah Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps luciae Santa Lucia Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps major aridus Desert Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps minor Lesser Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps nigriventris Black-bellied Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps pacificus Channel Islands Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps regius Kings River Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps relictus  Relictual Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps robustus Kern Plateau Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps simatus Kern Canyon Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps stebbinsi Tehachapi Slender Salamander
Dicamptodon ensatus California Giant Salamander
Ensatina eschscholtzii croceator Yellow-blotched Ensatina
Ensatina eschscholtzii platensis Sierra Nevada Ensatina
Ensatina eschscholtzii xanthoptica Yellow-eyed Ensatina
Hydromantes brunus Limestone Salamander
Hydromantes platycephalus Mount Lyell Salamander
Hydromantes samweli Samwel Shasta Salamander
Hydromantes shastae Shasta Salamander
Hydromantes wintu Wintu Shasta Salamander
Plethodon asupak Scott Barr Salamander
Taricha rivularis Red-bellied Newt
Taricha sierrae Sierra Newt
Taricha torosa California Newt

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