A Guide to the Amphibians
and Reptiles of California

California's Reptile and Amphibian Diversity

observation link

As of June 2018, at least 253 forms of reptiles and amphibians can be found living in the wild in California, including 73 endemics (found only in California) and 22 introduced alien species. (I have included a few alien species that are not typically included in state lists.)

("Forms" includes subspecies. In other words, if a species is divided into subspecies and 3 subspecies are found in California, then that counts as 3 forms.)

(Go here to see a list of currently undescribed herps and some that could occur in California.)

Taxonomy is always changing so these totals will continually change with the discovery of new species and subspecies, or with the re-classification of species and subspecies. I will keep updating this list as changes happen.

Reptiles and Amphibians Found in California     (These are already included within the
count of Native Forms to the left)
Family Native Forms
(Species and Subspecies)
Including Sea Turtles
Alien Species

Total Native and Alien Forms Native Species
(Not including subspecies)
(Including recently extinct)
California Endemic Forms
Snakes 73 3 76 46 14
Lizards 69 9 78 47 21
Salamanders 51 1 52 42 33
Frogs and Toads 28 5 33 27 (3 extinct) 4
Turtles 9 4 13 9 (1 extinct) 0
Totals 230 (including 4 extinct) 22 252 171 (including 4 extinct) 72
248 - Forms of Reptiles and Amphibians Currently Found in California - 226 Native species & subspecies + 22 Aliens (excluding 4 extinct forms.)

189 - Species of Reptiles and Amphibians Currently Found in California
- 167 Native species + 22 Aliens (excluding 4 extinct species.)

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