This is a List of all of the Different Types of Salamanders
Shown on this Web Site from California and Elsewhere

Click on a name link for pictures and information.
If there is more than one page for a species, there are additional links to the right of the scientific name.
This list is alphabetized by genus. Species are listed alphabetically under genus.

Shortcuts to Genus
Scientific Name Common Name Original Description Alternate Name
Order Caudata Salamanders Scopoli, 1777  
Ambystoma Mole Salamanders Tschudi, 1838  
Ambystoma californiense California Tiger Salamander Gray, 1853  
Ambystoma gracile (CA) + (NW) Northwestern Salamander (Baird, 1859)  
Ambystoma macrodactylum Long-toed Salamander Baird, 1849  
  Ambystoma macrodactylum columbianum Central Long-toed Salamander Ferguson, 1961 Columbia Long-toed Salamander
  Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander Russell and Anderson, 1956  
  Ambystoma macrodactylum macrodactylum Western Long-toed Salamander Baird, 1849  
  Ambystoma macrodactylum sigillatum Southern Long-toed Salamander Ferguson, 1961  
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander (Shaw, 1802)  
Ambystoma mavortium Western Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849”  
Ambystoma mavortium (CA) Western Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849” = Ambystoma tigrinum
  Ambystoma mavortium mavortium Barred Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849” = Ambystoma tigrinum
  Ambystoma mavortium melanostictum Blotched Tiger Salamander (Baird, 1860) = Ambystoma tigrinum
  Ambystoma mavortium nebulosum Arizona Tiger Salamander Hallowell, 1852 = Ambystoma tigrinum
Ambystoma opacum Mabled Salamander Gravenhorst (1807)  
Aneides Climbing Salamanders Baird, 1851  
Aneides aeneus Green Salamander (Cope and Packard, 1881)  
Aneides ferreus (CA) + (NW) Clouded Salamander Cope, 1869  
Aneides flavipunctatus Speckled Black Salamander (Strauch, 1870)  
Aneides hardii Sacramento Mountains Salamander (Taylor, 1941)  
Aneides iecanus Shasta Black Salamander (Cope 1883) = Aneides flavipunctatus flavipunctatus
Aneides klamathensis CA + NW Klamath Black Salamander Stebbins, 1951 & Dubois and Raffaelli, 2009 = Aneides flavipunctatus flavipunctatus
Aneides lugubris Arboreal Salamander (Hallowell, 1849)  
Aneides niger Santa Cruz Black Salamander Myers and Maslin, 1948  
Aneides vagrans Wandering Salamander Wake and Jackman, 1999  
Batrachoseps Slender Salamanders Bonaparte, 1841  
Batrachoseps altasierrae Greenhorn Mountains Slender Salamander Jockush, Martinez-Solano, Hansen, and Wake, 2012  
Batrachoseps attenuatus (CA) + (NW) California Slender Salamander (Eschscholtz, 1833)  
Batrachoseps bramei Fairview Slender Salamander Jockush, Martinez-Solano, Hansen, and Wake, 2012  
Batrachoseps campi Inyo Mountains Slender Salamander Marlow, Brode & Wake, 1979  
Batrachoseps diabolicus Hell Hollow Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev, 1998  
Batrachoseps gabrieli San Gabriel Mountains Slender Salamander Wake, 1996  
Batrachoseps gavilanensis Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001  
Batrachoseps gregarius Gregarious Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev 1998  
Batrachoseps incognitus San Simeon Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001  
Batrachoseps kawia Sequoia Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev 1998  
Batrachoseps luciae Santa Lucia Mountains Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001  
Batrachoseps major Southern California Slender Salamander Camp, 1915  
  Batrachoseps major aridus Desert Slender Salamander Brame, 1970  
  Batrachoseps major major (CA) + (BC) Garden Slender Salamander Camp, 1915  
Batrachoseps minor Lesser Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001  
Batrachoseps nigriventris Black-bellied Slender Salamander Cope, 1869  
Batrachoseps pacificus Channel Islands Slender Salamander (Cope, 1865)  
Batrachoseps regius Kings River Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev, 1998  
Batrachoseps relictus Relictual Slender Salamander Brame & Murray, 1968  
Batrachoseps robustus Kern Plateau Slender Salamander Wake, Yanev, and Hansen, 2002  
Batrachoseps simatus
Kern Canyon Slender Salamander Brame & Murray, 1968  
Batrachoseps stebbinsi Tehachapi Slender Salamander Brame & Murray, 1968  
Batrachoseps wakei Arguello Slender Salamander Sweet & Jockusch, 2021  
Batrachoseps wrighti Oregon Slender Salamander (Bishop, 1937) Batrachoseps wrightorum
Cryptobranchus Hellbender Leuckart, 1821  
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender (Daudin, 1803)  
  Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis Eastern Hellbender Daudin 1803  
Desmognathus Dusky Salamanders Baird, 1850  
Desmognathus aeneus Seepage Salamander Brown and Bishop, 1947  
Desmognathus carolinensis Carolina Mountain Dusky Salamander Dunn, 1916  
Desmognathus folkertsi Dwarf Black-bellied Salamander Camp, Tilley,  Austin, and Marshall, 2002  
Desmognathus fuscus Northern Dusky Salamander (Rafinesque, 1820)  
Desmognathus imitator Imitator Salamander Dunn, 1927  
Desmognathus monticola Seal Salamander Dunn, 1916  
Desmognathus ochrophaeus Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander Cope, 1859  
Desmognathus ocoee Ocoee Salamander Nicholls, 1949  
Desmognathus orestes Blue Ridge Dusky Salamander Tilley and Mahoney, 1996  
Desmognathus organi Northern Pygmy Salamander Crespi, Brown, and Rissler, 2010 formerly Desmognathus wrighti
Desmognathus quadramaculatus Black-bellied Salamander (Holbrook, 1840)  
Desmognathus santeetlah Santeetlah Dusky Salamander Tilley, 1981  
Desmognathus wrighti Pygmy Salamander King 1936  
Dicamptodon Pacific Giant Salamanders Strauch, 1870  
Dicamptodon aterrimus Idaho Giant Salamander (Cope, 1868)  
Dicamptodon copei Cope's Giant Salamander Nussbaum, 1970  
Dicamptodon ensatus California Giant Salamander (Eschscholtz, 1833)  
Dicamptodon tenebrosus (CA) + (NW) Coastal Giant Salamander (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
Ensatina Ensatinas Gray, 1850  
Ensatina eschscholtzii Ensatina Gray, 1850  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii croceater Yellow-blotched Ensatina (Cope, 1867)  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii eschscholtzii Monterey Ensatina Gray, 1850  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii klauberi Large-blotched Ensatina Dunn, 1929  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii oregonensis (CA) + (NW) Oregon Ensatina (Girard, 1856)  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii picta (CA) + (NW) Painted Ensatina Wood, 1940  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii platensis Sierra Nevada Ensatina (Espada, 1875)  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii xanthoptica Yellow-eyed Ensatina Stebbins, 1949  
Eurycea Brook Salamanders Rafinesque, 1822  
Eurycea bislineata Northern Two-lined Salamander (Green, 1818)  
Eurycea cirrigera Southern Two-lined Salamander (Green, 1830)  
Eurycea guttolineata Three-lined Salamander Holbrook 1838  
Eurycea longicauda longicauda Eastern Long-tailed Salamander Green 1818  
Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander Rafinesque, 1822  
Eurycea nana San Marcos Salamander Bishop, 1941  
Eurycea rathbuni Texas Blind Salamander (Stejneger, 1896)  
Eurycea sosorum Barton Springs Salamander Chippindale, Price and Hillis, 1993  
Eurycea troglodytes complex (Spring Salamander) Baker, 1957 Valdina Farms Salamander
Eurycea wilderae Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander Dunn, 1920  
Gyrinophilus Spring Salamanders Cope, 1869  
Grinophilus porphyriticus Spring Salamander (Green, 1827)  
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi Blue Ridge Spring Salamander (Blatchley, 1901)  
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus dunni Carolina Spring Salamander Mittleman and Jopson, 1941  
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus Northern Spring Salamander (Green, 1827)  
Hydromantes Web-toed Salamanders Gistel, 1848  
Hydromantes brunus
Limestone Salamander Gorman, 1954  
Hydromantes platycephalus Mount Lyell Salamander (Camp, 1916) Owens Valley Web-toed Salamander
Hydromantes samweli Samwel Shasta Salamander Bingham, Papenfuss, Lindstrand III, and Wake, 2018  
Hydromantes shastae Shasta Salamander Gorman and Camp, 1953  
Hydromantes wintu Wintu Shasta Salamander Bingham, Papenfuss, Lindstrand III, and Wake, 2018  
Ichthyosaura   Latreille, 1801  
Ichthyosaura alpestris Alpine Newt (Laurenti, 1768) Triturus alpestris
Mesotriton alpestris
Notophthalmus Eastern Newts Rafinesque, 1820  
Notophthalmus meridionalis Black-spotted Newt (Cope, 1880)  
  Notophthalmus meridionalis meridionalis Texas Black-spotted Newt (Cope, 1880)  
Notophthalmus viridescens Eastern Newt (Rafinesque, 1820)  
  Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Red-spotted Newt (Rafinesque, 1820)  
Phaeognathus Red Hills Salamanders Highton, 1961  
Phaeognathus hubrichti Red Hills Salamander Highton, 1961  
Plethodon Woodland Salamanders Tschudi, 1838  
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander Grobman, 1944  
Plethodon asupak Scott Bar Salamander Mead, Clayton, Nauman, Olson and Pfrender, 2005  
Plethodon aureolis Tellico Salamander Highton, 1983  
Plethodon chattahoochee Chattahoochee Slimy Salamander Highton, 1989  
Plethodon cheoah Cheoah Bald Salamander Highton and Peabody, 2000  
Plethodon cinereus Eastern Red-backed Salamander (Green, 1818)  
Plethodon cylindraceus White-spotted Slimy Salamander (Harlan, 1825)  
Plethodon dorsalis Northern Zigzag Salamander Cope, 1889  
Plethodon dunni (CA) + (NW) Dunn's Salamander Bishop, 1934  
Plethodon elongatus (CA) + (NW) Del Norte Salamander Van Denburgh, 1916  
Plethodon glutinosus Northern Slimy Salamander (Green, 1818)  
Plethodon hubrichti Peaks of Otter Salamander Thurow, 1957  
Plethodon idahoensis Coeur d'Alene Salamander Slater and Slipp, 1940  
Plethodon jordani Red-cheeked Salamander Blatchley, 1901  
Plethodon kentucki Cumberland Plateau Salamander Mittleman, 1951  
Plethodon larselli Larch Mountain Salamander Burns, 1954  
Plethodon metcalfi Southern Graycheek Salamander Brimley, 1912  
Plethodon montanus Northern Graycheek Salamander Highton and Peabody, 2000  
Plethodon neomexicanus Jemez Mountains Salamander Stebbins and Riemer, 1950  
Plethodon nettingi Cheat Mountain Salamander Green, 1938  
Plethodon petraeus Pigeon Mountain Salamander Wynn, Highton and Jacobs, 1988  
Plethodon punctatus Cow Knob Salamander Highton, 1971 White-spotted Salamander
Plethodon richmondi Southern Ravine Salamander Netting and Mittleman 1938  
Plethodon shenandoah Shenandoah Salamander Highton and Worthington, 1967  
Plethodon shermani Red-legged Salamander Stejneger, 1906  
Plethodon stormi Siskiyou Mountains Salamander Highton and Brame, 1965  
Plethodon teyahalee Southern Appalachian Salamander Hairston, 1950  
Plethodon vandykei Van Dyke's Salamander Van Denburgh, 1906  
Plethodon vehiculum Western Red-backed Salamander (Cooper, 1860)  
Plethodon virginia Shenandoah Mountain Salamander Highton, 1999  
Plethodon wehrlei Wehrle's Salamander Fowler and Dunn, 1917  
Plethodon welleri Weller's Salamander Walker, 1931  
Plethodon yonahlossee Yonahlossee Salamander Dunn, 1917  
Pseudotriton Red and Mud Salamanders Tschudi, 1838  
Pseudotriton ruber Red Salamander (Latreille, 1801)  
  Pseudotriton ruber ruber Northern Red Salamander Latreille 1801  
  Pseudotriton ruber schenki Black-chinned Red Salamander (Brimley, 1912)  
Rhyacotriton Torrent Salamanders Dunn, 1920  
Rhyacotriton cascadae Cascade Torrent Salamander Good and Wake, 1992  
Rhyacotriton kezeri Columbia Torrent Salamander Good and Wake, 1992  
Rhyacotriton olympicus Olympic Torrent Salamander (Gaige, 1917)  
Rhyacotriton variegatus Southern Torrent Salamander Stebbins and Lowe, 1951  
Taricha Pacific Newts Gray, 1850  
Taricha granulosa (CA) + (NW) Rough-skinned Newt (Skilton, 1849)  
Taricha rivularis Red-bellied Newt (Twitty, 1935)  
Taricha sierrae Sierra Newt (Twitty, 1942) formerly Taricha torosa sierrae
Taricha torosa   California Newt (Rathke, in Eschscholtz, 1833)  formerly Taricha torosa torosa
Coast Range Newt
If a salamander is listed more than once, one of the symbols below will be added to indicate which region the listing covers.

CA = California page
BC = Baja California page
NW = Northwest page
TX = Texas page
SW = Southwest Page
MISC = Any areas not listed above

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