Photos of Reptiles and Amphibians from the Pacific Northwest





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These links lead to lists of all of the species of reptiles and amphibians found in Oregon and Washington (including introduced species) with links to photo galleries of most of these species and their habitat. Two salamanders from Idaho and one introduced lizard from British Columbia have also been included, with their origin noted on the list. Some sources of information about reptiles and amphibians of the Pacific Northwest are included at the bottom.

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Scientific Name Common Name Original Description Picture Sounds
         
Caudata Salamanders Scopoli, 1777    
         
Ambystoma Mole Salamanders Tschudi, 1838    
Ambystoma gracile Northwestern Salamander (Baird, 1859) Salamander  
Ambystoma macrodactylum Long-toed Salamander Baird, 1849    
  Ambystoma macrodactylum columbianum Eastern Long-toed Salamander Ferguson, 1961 Central Long-toed Salamander  
  Ambystoma macrodactylum macrodactylum Western Long-toed Salamander Baird, 1849 Western Long-toed Salamander  
  Ambystoma macrodactylum sigillatum Southern Long-toed Salamander Ferguson, 1961 Southern Long-toed Salamander  
Ambystoma mavortium Barred Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849”    
  Ambystoma mavortium melanostictum Blotched Tiger Salamander (Baird, 1860) Blotched Tiger Salamander  
Aneides Climbing Salamanders Baird, 1849    
Aneides ferreus Clouded Salamander Cope, 1869 Clouded Salamander  
Aneides flavipunctatus Black Salamander (Strauch, 1870)    
Aneides flavipunctatus flavipunctatus Speckled Black Salamander (Strauch, 1870) Speckled Black Salamander  
Batrachoseps Slender Salamanders Bonaparte, 1841    
Batrachoseps attenuatus California Slender Salamander (Eschscholtz, 1833) California Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps wrightorum Oregon Slender Salamander (Bishop, 1937) Salamander  
Dicamptodon Pacific Giant Salamanders Strauch, 1870    
Dicamptodon aterrimus  (Idaho) Idaho Giant Salamander (Cope, 1868) Salamander  
Dicamptodon copei Cope's Giant Salamander Nussbaum, 1970  
Dicamptodon tenebrosus Coastal Giant Salamander (Baird and Girard, 1852) Coastal Giant Salamander  
Ensatina Ensatinas Gray, 1850    
Ensatina eschscholtzii Ensatina Gray, 1850    
  Ensatina eschscholtzii oregonensis Oregon Ensatina (Girard, 1856) Oregon Ensatina  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii picta Painted Ensatina Wood, 1940 Salamander  
Plethodon Woodland Salamanders Tschudi, 1838    
Plethodon dunni Dunn's Salamander Bishop, 1934 Dunn's Salamander  
Plethodon elongatus Del Norte Salamander Van Denburgh, 1916 Salamander  
Plethodon idahoensis  (Idaho) Coeur d'Alene Salamander Slater and Slipp, 1940 Salamander  
Plethodon larselli Larch Mountain Salamander Burns, 1954 Salamander  
Plethodon stormi Siskiyou Mountains Salamander Highton and Brame, 1965 Siskiyou Mountains Salamander  
Plethodon vandykei Van Dyke's Salamander Van Denburgh, 1906 Salamander

Salamander
 
Plethodon vehiculum Western Red-backed Salamander (Cooper, 1860) Salamander

Salamander
 
Rhyacotriton Torrent Salamanders Dunn, 1920    
Rhyacotriton cascadae Cascade Torrent Salamander Good and Wake, 1992 Salamander  
Rhyacotriton kezeri Columbia Torrent Salamander Good and Wake, 1992 Salamander  
Rhyacotriton olympicus Olympic Torrent Salamander (Gaige, 1917)  
Rhyacotriton variegatus Southern Torrent Salamander Stebbins and Lowe, 1951 Southern Torrent Salamander  
Taricha Pacific Newts Gray, 1850    
Taricha granulosa Rough-skinned Newt (Skilton, 1849) Salamander  
Taricha granulosa mazamae

(This subspecies is no longer recognized by most herpetologists)

Crater Lake Rough-skinned Newt

(No photos available.
Please send me one if you have one!)
     
         
Anura Frogs Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)    
         
Anaxyrus North American Toads Tschudi, 1845    
Anaxyrus boreas Western Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
  Anaxyrus boreas boreas
  (=Bufo boreas boreas)
Boreal Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) boreal toad Sounds
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad (Girard, 1854)    
  Anaxyrus woodhousii woodhousii
  (=Bufo woodhousii woodhousii)
Rocky Mountain Toad (Girard, 1854) Rocky Mountain Toad Sounds
Ascaphus Tailed Frogs Stejneger, 1899    
Ascaphus montanus Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog Mittleman and Myers, 1949 rocky mountain tailed frog  
Ascaphus truei Coastal Tailed Frog Stejneger, 1899 Coastal Tailed Frog  
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843    
Lithobates catesbeianus
 (=Rana catesbeiana)  (Introduced)
American Bullfrog (Shaw, 1802) American Bullfrog Sounds
Lithobates clamitans
(=Rana clamitansi   (Introduced)
Green Frog (Rafinesque, 1820) northern green frog  
Lithobates pipiens
(=Rana pipiens)
Northern Leopard Frog (Schreber, 1782) Northern Leopard Frog Sounds
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843    
Pseudacris regilla
(=Hyla regilla)
Northern Pacific Treefrog
= Pacific Chorus Frog
= Pacific Treefrog
(Baird and Girard, 1852) Northern Pacific Treefrog

Northern Pacific Treefrog
Sounds
Rana Brown Frogs Linnaeus, 1758    
Rana aurora Northern Red-legged Frog Baird and Girard, 1852 Northern Red-legged Frog Sounds
Rana boylii Foothill Yellow-legged Frog Baird, 1854 foothill yellow-legged frog

Foothill Yellow-legged Frog

foothill yellow-legged frog
Sounds
Rana cascadae Cascades Frog Slater, 1939 cascades frog Sounds
Rana luteiventris Columbia Spotted Frog Thompson, 1913 Columbia Spotted Frog  
Rana pretiosa Oregon Spotted Frog Baird and Girard, 1853 Oregon Spotted Frog Sounds
Spea Western Spadefoots Cope, 1866    
Spea intermontana Great Basin Spadefoot (Cope, 1883) spadefoot

Great Basin Spadefoot
Sounds
         
Squamata Snakes Oppel, 1811    
       
Charina Rubber Boas (Gray 1849)    
Charina bottae Northern Rubber Boa (Blainville, 1835) Northern Rubber Boa  
Coluber North American Racers,
Coachwhips and Whipsnakes
Linnaeus, 1758    
Coluber constrictor North American Racer Linnaeus, 1758    
  Coluber constrictor mormon
   (=Coluber mormon)
Western Yellow-bellied Racer Baird and Girard, 1852 western yellow-bellied racer

western yellow-bellied racer
 
Coluber taeniatus Striped Whipsnake (Hallowell, 1852)    
  Coluber taeniatus taeniatus
  (= Masticophis taeniatus taeniatus)
Desert Striped Whipsnake (Hallowell, 1852) Desert Striped Whipsnake  
Contia Sharp-tailed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853    
Contia longicaudae Forest Sharp-tailed Snake Feldman and Hoyer, 2010 Forest Sharp-tailed Snake  
Contia tenuis Common Sharp-tailed Snake (Baird and Girard, 1852) Sharp-tailed Snake

Sharp-tailed Snake
 
Crotalus Rattlesnakes Linnaeus, 1758    
Crotalus oreganus Western Rattlesnake Holbrook, 1840    
  Crotalus oreganus lutosus Great Basin Rattlesnake Klauber, 1930 great basin rattlesnake  
  Crotalus oreganus oreganus
  (=Crotalus oreganus)
Northern Pacific Rattlesnake Holbrook, 1840 Northern Pacific Rattlesnake Sounds
Diadophis Ring-necked Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853    
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake (Linnaeus, 1766)    
  Diadophis punctatus occidentalis Northwestern Ring-necked Snake Blanchard, 1923 Northwestern Ring-necked Snake  
Hypsiglena North American Nightsnakes Cope, 1860    
Hypsiglena chlorophaea Desert Nightsnake Cope, 1860    
   Hypsiglena chlorophaea deserticola
    (=Hypsiglena torquata deserticola)
Northern Desert Nightsnake (Tanner, 1944) Northern Desert Nightsnake  
Lampropeltis Kingsnakes Fitzinger, 1843    
Lampropeltis californiae California Kingsnake (Blainville, 1835) california kingsnake

california kingsnake
 
Lampropeltis zonata Caifornia Mountain Kingsnake (Lockington ex Blainville, 1876) Caifornia Mountain Kingsnake  
Pituophis Bull Snakes, Pine Snakes,
and Gopher Snakes
Holbrook, 1842    
Pituophis catenifer Gopher Snake (Blainville, 1835)    
   Pituophis catenifer catenifer Pacific Gopher Snake (Blainville, 1835) Pacific Gopher Snake Sounds
   Pituophis catenifer deserticola Great Basin Gopher Snake Stejneger, 1893 Great Basin Gopher Snake  
Sonora North American Groundsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853    
Sonora semiannulata Western Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853    
   Sonora semiannulata semiannulata Variable Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853 Variable Groundsnake  
Thamnophis North American Gartersnakes Fitzinger, 1843    
Thamnophis atratus Aquatic Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860)    
   Thamnophis atratus hydrophilus Oregon Gartersnake Fitch, 1936 Oregon Gartersnake  
Thamnophis elegans Terrestrial Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)    
  Thamnophis elegans elegans Mountain Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Mountain Gartersnake  
   Thamnophis elegans terrestris Coast Gartersnake Fox, 1951 Coast Gartersnake  
Thamnophis elegans vagrans Wandering Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Wandering Gartersnake

Wandering Gartersnake

Wandering Gartersnake
 
Thamnophis ordinoides Northwestern Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1852) nw gartersnake

Northwestern Gartersnake

Northwestern Gartersnake

Northwestern Gartersnake
 
Thamnophis sirtalis Common Gartersnake (Linnaeus, 1758)    
   Thamnophis sirtalis concinnus Red-spotted Gartersnake (Hallowell, 1852) Red-spotted Gartersnake  
   Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi Valley Gartersnake Fox, 1951 Valley Gartersnake  
   Thamnophis sirtalis pickeringii Puget Sound Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Puget Sound Gartersnake

Snake
 
         
Squamata Lizards Oppel, 1811    
         
Aspidoscelis Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843 Cnemidophorus  
Aspidoscelis tigris Tiger Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
   Aspidoscelis tigris tigris Great Basin Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852) Great Basin Whiptail  
Aspidoscelis velox
(=Cnemidophorus velox)
(Introduced in Oregon)
Plateau Striped Whiptail (Springer, 1928) plateau striped whiptail  
Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842    
Crotaphytus bicinctores Great Basin Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972 Great Basin Collared Lizard  
Elgaria Western Alligator Lizards Gray, 1838    
Elgaria coerulea Northern Alligator Lizard (Wiegmann, 1828)
   
   Elgaria coerulea principis Northwestern Alligator Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852) nw alligator lizard  
   Elgaria coerulea shastensis Shasta Alligator Lizard (Fitch, 1934) Shasta Alligator Lizard  
Elgaria multicarinata Southern Alligator Lizard (Blainville, 1835)
   
   Elgaria multicarinata scincicauda Oregon Alligator Lizard (Skilton, 1849) Oregon Alligator Lizard  
Gambelia Leopard Lizards Baird 1859 “1858”    
Gambelia wislizenii Long-nosed Leopard Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852) Long-nosed Leopard Lizard  
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828    
Phrynosoma douglasii Pygmy Short-horned Lizard (Bell, 1829) Pygmy Short-horned Lizard  
Phrynosoma platyrhinos Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852    
   Phrynosoma platyrhinos platyrhinos Northern Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852 Northern Desert Horned Lizard  
Plestiodon Toothy Skinks Duméril and Bibron, 1839 Eumeces  
Plestiodon skiltonianus Western Skink Baird and Girard, 1852
   
   Plestiodon skiltonianus skiltonianus
(=Eumeces skiltonianus skiltonianus)
Skilton's Skink Baird and Girard, 1852 Skilton's Skink

Skilton's Skink
 
Podarcis Wall Lizards Wagler, 1830    
Podarcis muralis  
(Introduced on Vancouver Island)
Common Wall Lizard (Laurenti, 1768) common wall lizard

common wall lizard
 
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828    
Sceloporus graciosus Common Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
   
   Sceloporus graciosus gracilis Western Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852 western sagebrush lizard  
   Sceloporus graciosus graciosus Northern Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852 northern sagebrush lizard  
Sceloporus occidentalis Western Fence Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
   
   Sceloporus occidentalis occidentalis Northwestern Fence Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852 northwestern fence lizard  
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard in Stansbury 1852    
Uta stansburiana Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard, 1852    
   Uta stansburiana nevadensis Nevada Side-blotched Lizard Ruthven, 1913 nevada side-blotched lizard

Nevada Side-blotched Lizard
 
         
Testudines Turtles Linnaeus, 1758    
         
Actinemys Western Pond Turtles Agassiz, 1857    
Actinemys marmorata Northern Western Pond Turtle (Baird and Girard, 1852) Pacific Pond Turtle

Turtle
 
Caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtles Rafinesque, 1814    
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Seaturtle (Linnaeus, 1758) Loggerhead Sea Turtle  
Chelonia Green Sea Turtles Brongniart, 1800    
Chelonia mydas Green Seaturtle  (Linnaeus, 1758) Green Sea Turtle  
Chelydra Snapping Turtles Schweigger, 1812    
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle Schweigger, 1812    
   Chelydra serpentina serpentina  
    (Introduced)
Eastern Snapping Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758) Eastern Snapping Turtle  
Chrysemys Painted Turtles Gray, 1844    
Chrysemys picta Painted Turtle (Schneider, 1783)    
   Chrysemys picta bellii Western Painted Turtle (Gray, 1831) Western Painted Turtle

Turtle
 
Dermochelys Leatherback Sea Turtles Blainville, 1816    
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Seaturtle (Vandelli, 1761) Leatherback on beach covering her eggs  
Lepidochelys Ridley Sea Turtles Fitzinger, 1843    
Lepidochelys olivacea Olive Ridley Seaturtle (Eschscholtz, 1829) Olive Ridley Sea Turtle  
Trachemys Sliders Agassiz, 1857    
Trachemys scripta Pond Slider (Schoepff, 1792)    
   Trachemys scripta elegans 
    (Introduced)
Red-eared Slider
(Wied-Neuwied, 1838) Red-eared Slider  
         
Information about Northwest Reptiles and Amphibians

Online Sources


Northwest

Burke Museum Online Field Guide to Herps of the Northwest

Reptiles and Amphibians of the Pacific Northwest




Washington

Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife

Washington GAP Reptile and Amphibian Range Maps




Oregon

Reptiles and Amphibians of Oregon


Amphibians and Reptiles of Oregon Range Maps




Idaho

Idaho Amphibians

Idaho Reptiles




Reptiles and Amphibians in General

Center for North American Herpetology

NatureServe Explorer



Amphibians

Amphibian Species of the World

Amphibiaweb

Global Amphibian Assessment




Books



Northwest Amphibians

Corkran, Charlotte & Chris Thoms. Amphibians of Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. Lone Pine Publishing, 1996.

Jones, Lawrence L. C. , William P. Leonard, Deanna H. Olson, editors. Amphibians of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle Audubon Society, 2005.

Leonard et. al. Amphibians of Washington and Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society, 1993.

Nussbaum, R. A., E. D. Brodie Jr., and R. M. Storm. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Pacific Northwest. Moscow, Idaho: University Press of Idaho, 1983.



Northwest Reptiles

Brown et. al. Reptiles of Washington and Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society,1995.

Nussbaum, R. A., E. D. Brodie Jr., and R. M. Storm. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Pacific Northwest. Moscow, Idaho: University Press of Idaho, 1983.

St. John, Alan D. Reptiles of the Northwest: Alaska to California; Rockies to the Coast. Lone Pine Publishing, 2002.



Western Herps

Stebbins, Robert C. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. 3rd Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003.

Behler, John L., and F. Wayne King. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. Alfred A. Knopf, 1992.

Powell, Robert., Joseph T. Collins, and Errol D. Hooper Jr. A Key to Amphibians and Reptiles of the Continental United States and Canada. The University Press of Kansas, 1998.



North American Frogs

Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Amphibians of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Elliott, Lang, Carl Gerhardt, and Carlos Davidson. Frogs and Toads of North America, a Comprehensive Guide to their Identification, Behavior, and Calls. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009.

Lannoo, Michael (Editor). Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species. University of California Press, June 2005.

Storer, Tracy I. A Synopsis of the Amphibia of California. University of California Press Berkeley, California 1925.

Wright, Albert Hazen and Anna Wright. Handbook of Frogs and Toads of the United States and Canada. Cornell University Press, 1949.
North American Lizards

Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Turtles and Lizards of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Jones, Lawrence, Rob Lovich, editors. Lizards of the American Southwest: A Photographic Field Guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, 2009.

Smith, Hobart M. Handbook of Lizards, Lizards of the United States and of Canada. Cornell University Press, 1946.



North American Salamanders

Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Amphibians of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Bishop, Sherman C. Handbook of Salamanders. Cornell University Press, 1943.

Lannoo, Michael (Editor). Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species. University of California Press, June 2005.

Petranka, James W. Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution, 1998.




North American Snakes

Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Snakes of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Bartlett, R. D. & Alan Tennant. Snakes of North America - Western Region. Gulf Publishing Co., 2000.

Brown, Philip R. A Field Guide to Snakes of California. Gulf Publishing Co., 1997.

Ernst, Carl H., Evelyn M. Ernst, & Robert M. Corker. Snakes of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, 2003.

Wright, Albert Hazen & Anna Allen Wright. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Cornell University Press, 1957.



North American Turtles

Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Turtles and Lizards of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Carr, Archie. Handbook of Turtles: The Turtles of the United States, Canada, and Baja California. Cornell University Press, 1969.

Ernst, Carl H., Roger W. Barbour, & Jeffrey E. Lovich. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution 1994. (2nd Edition published 2009)




North American Rattlesnakes

Ernst, Carl. H. Venomous Reptiles of North America. Smithsonian Institution Press, 1999.

Hayes, William K., Kent R. Beaman, Michael D. Cardwell, and Sean P. Bush, editors. The Biology of Rattlesnakes. Loma Linda University Press, 2009.

Hubbs, Brian R., & Brendan O'Connor. A Guide to the Rattlesnakes and other Venomous Serpents of the United States. Tricolor Books, 2011.

Klauber, Laurence M. Rattlesnakes. University of California Press. (Abridged from the 1956 two volume Rattlesnakes: Their Habits, Life Histories, and Influence on Mankind.) University of California Press, 1982.

Rubio, Manny. Rattlesnake - Portrait of a Predator. Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.

Walls, Jerry G. Rattlesnakes: Their Natural History and Care. T. F. H. Publications, Inc., 1996.

   
 

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