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Reptiles & Amphibians




Western Long-toed Salamander -
Ambystoma macrodactylum macrodactylum

Baird, 1849




Range Map

Red = Range of A. m. macrodactylum
Click map for a key to subspecies


More Information

Northwest Resources List
Washington Herp Atlas


Related or Similar Northwest Salamanders:

Eastern Long-toed Salamander
Northwestern Salamander
Dunn's Salamander
Tiger Salamander




observation link



Western Long-toed Salamander Western Long-toed Salamander Western Long-toed Salamander
Adult, King County, Washington Adult, King County, Washington
Western Long-toed Salamander Western Long-toed Salamander Western Long-toed Salamander
Sub-adult in defensive pose,
Multnomah County, Oregon
Sub-adult, Multnomah County, Oregon Adult, King County, Washington
Western Long-toed Salamander Western Long-toed Salamander Western Long-toed Salamander
Adult, Clackamas County, Oregon Adult, Clackamas County, Oregon Adult in breeding pond at night, January, King County, Washington
Western Long-toed Salamander Western Long-toed Salamander Western Long-toed Salamander
  Adult, Multnomah County, Oregon  
Central Long-toed Salamander Central Long-toed Salamander Central Long-toed Salamander
Adult, east side of Mt. Rainier, Pierce County, Washington
Central Long-toed Salamander Central Long-toed Salamander Central Long-toed Salamander
Adult, Deschutes County, Oregon
Central Long-toed Salamander Central Long-toed Salamander Central Long-toed Salamander
  Adult, eating an earthworm  
Central Long-toed Salamander Central Long-toed Salamander Central Long-toed Salamander
Adult, east side of Mt. Rainier, Pierce County, Washington Adult, east side of Mt. Rainier, Pierce County, Washington Adult, east side of Mt. Rainier,
Pierce County, Washington
Western Long-toed Salamander Southern Long-toed Salamander  
Adult in breeding pond at night, January, King County, Washington Toe number 4 on each hind foot
is elongated, giving this species its name.
 
     
Eggs
Western Long-toed Salamander Western Long-toed Salamander eggs Western Long-toed Salamander eggs
Female laying eggs underwater and attaching them to a stick at night in early February, King County, Washington. Eggs on underwater stick laid by female to the left, soon after she finished. Eggs attached to a stick laying in pond, early February, King County, Washington
Western Long-toed Salamander eggs Western Long-toed Salamander eggs Western Long-toed Salamander eggs
Eggs, King County, Washington Eggs close-up, King County, Washington Eggs ready to hatch
     
Larvae
Western Long-toed Salamander hatchling Western Long-toed Salamander hatchling Western Long-toed Salamander hatchling
Hatchling, just hatched. Hatchling, about 1 month old


More Pictures of Long-toed Salamander Eggs, Larvae, and Young


 
Habitat
Western Long-toed Salamander Habitat Western Long-toed Salamander Habitat Western Long-toed Salamander Habitat
Breeding pond, King County, Washington
Breeding pond, King County, Washington Breeding pond, King County, Washington
Western Long-toed Salamander Habitat Western Long-toed Salamander Habitat Northwestern Gartersnake habitat
Habitat, King County, Washington Habitat, Multnomah County, Oregon Habitat, Multnomah County, Oregon
Central Long-toed Salamander Habitat Central Long-toed Salamander Habitat Central Long-toed Salamander Habitat
Drying breeding pool full of larvae and tadpoles, late summer, 6,400 ft., Deschutes County, Oregon Habitat, 6,400 ft., mountain meadow, late summer, Deschutes County, Oregon Habitat, 6,400 ft., mountain meadow, late spring, Deschutes County, Oregon
Central Long-toed Salamander Habitat Central Long-toed Salamander Habitat  
Breeding pond, late spring, full of salamanders and eggs, 5,700 ft.,
Pierce County, Washington
Habitat, 6,200 ft.,
Pierce County, Washington
 
     
Short Videos
Western Long-toed salamander Western Long-toed salamander Western Long-toed salamander
A Western Long-toed salamander crawls into the breeding pond on a cold February night in King County, Washington, Western Long-toed salamanders swim around underwater at night in a King County, Washington breeding pond during the breeding season in early February. Two female Western Long-toed salamanders underwater lay their eggs on submerged sticks at night in King County, Washington. After the first one is finished we see the eggs she left behind.
Western Long-toed salamanders Western Long-toed salamander Eggs  
Unlike the much more visible Pacific newts, who breed in full daylight, Long-toed salamanders do their breeding and egg laying at night, and they seem to do it under the cover of leaves on the bottom of the pond. Here we can see a couple interacting under some leaves in a breeding pond in early February in King County, Washington. Views of some Western Long-toed salamander eggs on submerged sticks. Some of the eggs are pulled out of the water for a better look.  
     
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