Photos of Reptiles and Amphibians from the North American Southwest

The links on this list lead to a collection of photos of reptiles and amphibians photographed in the North American Southwest - Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and Colorado, but excluding southern California. (Southern CA herps are included in the California section, but I have put links to some of those pages here if they include pictures of Southwest animals.) These were originally intended only as pictures that I have taken but over time I have added a few pictures from other photographers.

This is not meant to be a list of all of the reptiles and amphibians in the Southwest, only a list of the species for which I have photographs.

Click on a name link to see more photos.
Click on a picture for a larger view.


Scientific Name Common Name Original Description Picture
Anura Frogs Duméril, 1806
(as Anoures)
Anaxyrus    (=Bufo) North American Toads Tschudi, 1845  
Anaxyrus Boreas Western Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
   Anaxyrus boreas boreas
(=Bufo boreas boreas)
Boreal Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) Hot Creek Toad
Anaxyrus cognatus
(=Bufo cognatus)
Great Plains Toad (Say, 1823) Great Plains Toad
Anaxyrus debilis Green Toad (Girard, 1854)  
  Anaxyrus debilis insidior
(=Bufo debilis insidior)
Western Chihuahuan Green Toad (Girard, 1854) Toad
Anaxyrus microscaphus
(=Bufo microscaphus)
Arizona Toad (Cope, 1866) Toad
Anaxyrus nelsoni
(=Bufo nelsoni)
Amargosa Toad (Stejneger, 1893) Toad
Anaxyrus punctatus
(=Bufo punctatus)
Red-spotted Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) Toad
Anaxyrus retiformis
(=Bufo retiformis)
Sonoran Green Toad (Sanders and Smith, 1951) Toad
Anaxyrus williamsi (=Bufo williamsi) Dixie Valley Toad Gordon, Simandle & Tracy, 2017 Amargosa Toad
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad (Girard, 1854)  
Anaxyrus woodhousii australis
(=Bufo woodhousii australis)
Southwestern Woodhouse's Toad (Shannon and Lowe, 1955)
Gastrophryne North American Narrow-mouthed Toads Fitzinger, 1843  
Gastrophryne mazatlanensis
Sinaloan Narrow-mouthed Toad Hallowell 1856

Hyla Holarctic Treefrogs Laurenti, 1768  
Hyla arenicolor Canyon Treefrog Cope, 1866 Frog
Hyla wrightorum Arizona Treefrog Taylor, 1939 “1938” Frog
Incilius Central American Toads Cope, 1875  
Incilius alvarius
(=Bufo alvarius)
Sonoran Desert Toad (Girard, 1859) sonoran desert toad
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843  
Lithobates catesbeianus
(= Rana catesbeiana)
American Bullfrog (Shaw, 1802) Frog
Lithobates chiricahuensis
(=Rana fisheri)
Chiricahua Leopard Frog (Platz and Mecham, 1979) Chiricahua leopard frog
Lithobates onca
(=Rana onca)
Relict Leopard Frog (Cope, 1875) Frog
Lithobates pipiens
(=Rana pipiens)
Northern Leopard Frog (Schreber, 1782)
Lithobates tarahumarae Tarahumara Frog (Boulenger, 1917) American Bullfrog
Lithobates yavapaiensis
(=Rana yavapaiensis)
Lowland Leopard Frog (Platz and Frost, 1984) Frog
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843  
Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog (Wied-Neuwied, 1838) Frog
Smilisca Mexican Treefrogs Cope, 1865  
Smilisca fodiens
(=Pternohyla fodiens)
Lowland Burrowing Treefrog (Boulenger, 1882) Frog
Scaphiopus North American Spadefoots Holbrook, 1836  
Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot Baird, 1854 Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot

Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot
Spea Western Spadefoots Cope, 1866  
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot (Cope, 1863) spadefoot
Spea multiplicata Mexican Spadefoot (Cope, 1863)  
   Spea multiplicata (stagnalis) New Mexico Spadefoot (Cope, 1875) spadefoot
Caudata Salamanders Scopoli, 1777  
Aneides Climbing Salamanders Baird, 1851  
Aneides hardii Sacramento Mountains Salamander (Taylor, 1941) Salamander
Ambystoma Mole Salamanders Tschudi, 1838  
Ambystoma mavortium Barred Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849”  
   Ambystoma mavortium mavortium Barred Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849”
   Ambystoma mavortium nebulosum Arizona Tiger Salamander Hallowell, 1852 Salamander
Plethodon Woodland Salamanders Tschudi, 1838  
Plethodon neomexicanus Jemez Mountains Salamander Stebbins and Riemer, 1950 Salamander
Squamata Lizards Oppel, 1811  
Aspidoscelis     (=Cnemidophorus) Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843  
Aspidoscelis arizonae Arizona Striped Whiptail (Van Denburgh, 1896) Lizard
Aspidoscelis exsanguis Chihuahuan Spotted Whiptail (Lowe, 1956) Lizard
Aspidoscelis gypsi Little White Whiptail (Wright and Lowe, 1993) Lizard
Aspidoscelis neomexicana New Mexico Whiptail (Lowe and Zweifel, 1952) Lizard
Aspidoscelis pai Pai Striped Whiptail (Wright and Lowe, 1993) Lizard
Aspidoscelis sonorae Sonoran Spotted Whiptail (Lowe and Wright, 1964) Lizard
Aspidoscelis stictogramma Giant Spotted Whiptail (Burger, 1950) Lizard
Aspidoscelis tigris Tiger Whiptail (Dickerson,1919)  
 Aspidoscelis tigris punctilinealis Sonoran Tiger Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852) Lizard
Aspidoscelis tigris septentrionalis Plateau Tiger Whiptail (Burger, 1950) Lizard
Aspidoscelis uniparens Desert Grassland Whiptail (Wright and Lowe, 1965) Lizard
Aspidoscelis velox Plateau Striped Whiptail (Springer, 1928) Lizard
Callisaurus Zebra-tailed Lizards Blainville, 1835  
Callisaurus draconiodes Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835  
   Callisaurus draconoides myurus Nevada Zebra-tailed Lizard Richardson, 1915 Northern Zebra-tailed Lizard
   Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus Western Zebra-tailed Lizard Cope, 1896 Lizard
   Callisaurus draconoides ventralis Eastern Zebra-tailed Lizard (Hallowell, 1852) Lizard
Coleonyx Banded Geckos Gray, 1845  
Coleonyx variegatus Western Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
   Coleonyx variegatus bogerti Tucson Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945 Lizard
  Coleonyx variegatus utahensis Utah Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945 Tucson Banded Gecko
Cophosaurus Greater Earless Lizards Troschel, 1852 “1850”  
Cophosaurus texanus Greater Earless Lizard Troschel, 1852 “1850”
   Cophosaurus texanus scitulus Chihuahuan Greater Earless Lizard (Peters, 1951) Lizard

Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842  
Crotaphytus bicinctores Great Basin Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972 Great Basin Collared Lizard
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard (Say, 1823) Eastern collared lizard
Crotaphytus nebrius Sonoran Collared Lizard Axtell and Montanucci, 1977 Sonoran collared lizard
Elgaria Western Alligator Lizards Gray, 1838  
Elgaria kingii Madrean Alligator Liard Gray, 1838)  
  Elgaria kingii nobilis Arizona Alligator Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852) Madrean alligator lizard

madrean alligator lizard
Gambelia Leopard Lizards Baird 1859 “1858”  
Gambelia wislizenii Long-nosed Leopard Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852) long-nosed leopard lizard
Heloderma Gila Monsters & Beaded Lizards Wiegmann, 1829  
Heloderma suspectum Gila Monster Cope, 1869
   Heloderma suspectum cinctum Banded Gila Monster Bogert and Martin del Campo, 1956 Banded Gila Monster
   Heloderma suspectum suspectum Reticulate Gila Monster Cope, 1869 gila monster
Hemidactylus House Geckos Gray, 1825  
Hemidactylus turcicus  Mediterranean Gecko (Linnaeus, 1758) Mediterranean House Gecko
Holbrookia Lesser Earless Lizards Girard, 1851  
Holbrookia elegans Elegant Earless Lizard Bocourt, 1874 in Duméril, Mocquard & Bocourt, 1870-1909  
   Holbrookia elegans thermophila Sonoran Earless Lizard Barbour, 1921 sonoran earless lizard
Holbrookia maculata Common Lesser Earless Lizard Girard, 1851
speckled earless lizard
  Holbrookia maculata ruthveni Bleached Earless Lizard Smith, 1943 bleached earless lizard
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828  
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard (Harlan, 1825) Texas horned lizard
Phrynosoma goodei Goode's Desert Horned Lizard Stejnejer, 1893 goode's horned lizard
Phrynosoma hernandesi Greater Short-horned Lizard Girard, 1858
  Phrynosoma hernandesi hernandesi Hernandez's Short-horned Lizard Girard, 1858 Hernandez's short-horned lizard
  Phrynosoma hernandesi ornatum Salt Lake Valley Short-horned Lizard Girard 1858b, comb. nov. Hernandez's Short-horned Lizard
Phrynosoma modestum Round-tailed Horned Lizard Girard, 1852 round-tailed horned lizard
Phrynosoma platyrhinos Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852  
   Phrynosoma platyrhinos platyrhinos Northern Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852 Northern Desert Horned Lizard
Phrynosoma solare Regal Horned Lizard Gray, 1845 regal horned lizard
Plestiodon Toothy Skinks Duméril and Bibron, 1839  
Plestiodon callicephalus (= Eumeces callicephalus) Mountain Skink (Bocourt, 1879 in Duméril, Mocquard & Bocourt, 1870-1909) Mountain Skink
Plestiodon multivirgatus Many-lined Skink Hallowell, 1857
  Plestiodon multivirgatus epipleurotus Variable Skink (Cope, 1880) variable skink
Sauromalus Chuckwallas Duméril, 1856  
Sauromalus ater Common Chuckwalla Duméril, 1856 common chuckwalla
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828  
Sceloporus clarkii Clark's Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
  Sceloporus clarkii clarkii Sonoran Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852 clark's spiny lizard
  Sceloporus clarki vallaris Plateau Spiny Lizard Shannon and Urbano, 1954 Plateau spiny lizard
Sceloporus cowlesi Southwestern Fence Lizard Lowe and Norris, 1956 southwestern fence lizard
Sceloporus graciosus Common Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
   Sceloporus graciosus graciosus Northern Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852 northern sagebrush lizard
Sceloporus jarrovii Yarrow's Spiny Lizard Cope, 1875 yarrow's spiny lizard
Sceloporus magister Desert Spiny Lizard Hallowell, 1854 desert spiny lizard
Sceloporus poinsetti Crevice Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
   Sceloporus poinsettii poinsettii New Mexico Crevice Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852 New Mexico spiny lizard
Sceloporus slevini Slevin's Bunch Grass Lizard Smith, 1937 Slevin's bunchgrass lizard
Sceloporus tristichus Plateau Fence Lizard (Northern Plateau Lizard) Cope in Yarrow 1875 plateau fence lizard
Sceloporus uniformis  Yellow-backed Spiny Lizard Phelan and Brattstrom, 1955 yellow-backed spiny lizard
Sceloporus virgatus Striped Plateau Lizard Smith, 1938 striped plateau lizard
Uma Fringe-toed Lizards 1859 “1858”  
Uma thurmanae Mohawk Dunes Fringe-toed Lizard Derycke, Gottscho, Mulcahy, & De Queiroz, 2020 yuman desert fringe-toed lizard
Urosaurus Tree and Brush Lizards Hallowell, 1854  
Urosaurus ornatus Tree Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
   Urosaurus ornatus schottii Schott's Tree Lizard (Mittleman, 1940) Schott's tree lizard
  Urosaurus ornatus wrighti Northern Tree Lizard (Schmidt, 1921) Schott's Tree Lizard
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard in Stansbury 1852  
Uta stansburiana Common Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852  
   Uta stansburiana elegans Western Side-blotched Lizard Yarrow, 1882 western side-blotched lizard
   Uta stansburiana stansburiana Northern Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852 Northern Side-blotched Lizard
   Uta stansburiana stejnegeri Eastern Side-blotched Lizard Schmidt, 1921 Eastern Side-blotched Lizard
   Uta stansburiana uniformis Plateau Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852 lizard
Xantusia NIght Lizards Baird, 1859 “1858”  
Xantusia arizonae Arizona Night Lizard Klauber, 1931 Arizona night lizard
Xantusia bezyi Bezy's Night Lizard Papenfuss, Macey, and Schulte, 2001 bezy's night lizard
Xantusia vigilis (utahensis) Desert Night Lizard (Utah Night Lizard) Baird, 1859 “1858” Utah night lizard
Squamata Snakes Oppel, 1811  
Arizona Glossy Snakes Kennicott, in Baird, 1859  
Arizona elegans Glossy Snake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859  
   Arizona elegans philipi Painted Desert Glossy Snake Klauber, 1946 Painted Desert Glossy Snake
Chionactis Shovel-nosed Snakes Cope, 1860 Sonora
Chionactis annulata Resplendent Desert Shovel-nosed Snake (Baird, 1859 “1858”) Sonora annulata
Formerly Chionactis occipitalis
   Chionactis annulata klauberi Tucson Shovel-nosed Snake (Stickel, 1941) Tucson Shovel-nosed Snake
Coluber North American Racers,
Coachwhips and Whipsnakes
Linnaeus, 1758  
Coluber bilineatis
(=Masticophis bilineatis)
Sonoran Whipsnake (Jan, 1863) Sonoran Whipsnake
Coluber flagellum Coachwhip H. M. Smith, 1941  
Coluber flagellum cingulum Sonoran Coachwhip Lowe & Woodin, 1954 Sonoran Whipsnake
Coluber flagellum lineatulus Lined Coachwhip H. M. Smith, 1941 Sonoran Whipsnake
Crotalus Rattlesnakes Linnaeus, 1758  
Crotalus atrox Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Baird and Girard, 1853 Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake
Crotalus cerastes Sidewinder Hallowell, 1854  
   Crotalus cerastes cercobombus Sonoran Sidewinder Savage and Cliff, 1953 Sonoran Sidewinder
Crotalus cerberus Arizona Black Rattlesnake (Coues, 1875) Arizona Black Rattlesnake
Crotalus lepidus Rock Rattlesnake (Kennicott, 1861)  
   Crotalus lepidus klauberi Banded Rock Rattlesnake Gloyd, 1936 Banded Rock Rattlesnake
Crotalus molossus Western Black-tailed Rattlesnake Baird and Girard, 1853 Black-tailed Rattlesnake
Crotalus oreganus Western Rattlesnake Holbrook, 1840  
   Crotalus oreganus abyssus
  (=Crotalus abyssus)
Grand Canyon Rattlesnake Klauber, 1930 Grand Canyon Rattlesnake
   Crotalus oreganus concolor
  (=Crotalus concolor)
Midget Faded Rattlesnake Woodbury, 1929 Midget Faded Rattlesnake
   Crotalus oreganus lutosus
  (=Crotalus lutosus)
Great Basin Rattlesnake Klauber, 1930 great basin rattlesnake
Crotalus pricei Twin-spotted Rattlesnake Van Denburgh, 1895  
  Crotalus pricei pricei Western Twin-spotted Rattlesnake Van Denburgh, 1895 Western Twin-spotted Rattlesnake
Crotalus pyrrhus Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1867 “1866”) Speckled Rattlesnake
Crotalus scutulatus Mohave Rattlesnake (Kennicott, 1861)  
  Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus Northern Mohave Rattlesnake (Kennicott, 1861) Northern Mohave Rattlesnake
Crotalus tigris Tiger Rattlesnake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859 Tiger Rattlesnake
Crotalus viridis Prairie Rattlesnake (Rafinesque, 1818) Green Prairie Rattlesnake

Hopi Rattlesnake

Hopi Rattlesnake
Crotalus willardi Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake Meek, 1905  
  Crotalus willardi obscurus New Mexico Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake Harris and Simmons, 1976 Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake
  Crotalus willardi willardi Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake Meek, 1905 Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake
Diadophis Ring-necked Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake (Linnaeus, 1766)  
   Diadophis punctatus regalis Regal Ring-necked Snake Baird and Girard, 1853 Regal Ring-necked Snake
Gyalopian Western Hook-nosed Snakes Cope, 1861  
Gyalopion quadrangulare Thornscrub Hook-nosed Snake (Günther, 1893 in Salvin and Godman, 1885-1902) Chihuahuan Hook-nosed Snake
Heterodon North American Hog-nosed Snakes Latreille, 1801  
Heterodon kennerlyi    
(= Heterodon nasicus kennerlyi)
Mexican Hog-nosed Snake Kennicott, 1860 Mexican Hog-nosed Snake
Hypsiglena North American Nightsnakes Cope, 1860  
Hypsiglena chlorophaea Desert Nightsnake Cope, 1860  
   Hypsiglena chlorophaea chlorophaea
   (=Hypsiglena torquata chlorophaea)
Sonoran Nightsnake Cope, 1860 Sonoran Nightsnake
   Hypsiglena chlorophaea loreala
  (=Hypsiglena torquata loreala)
Mesa Verde Night Snake (Tanner, 1944) Mesa Verde Night Snake
Lampropeltis Kingsnakes Fitzinger, 1843  
Lampropeltis californiae California Kingsnake
(Western Black Kingsnake)
(Blainville, 1835) Western Black Kingsnake
Lampropeltis gentilis Western Milksnake Baird and Girard, 1853 Milksnake
Lampropeltis knoblochi
(= Lampropeltis pyromelana)
Madrean Mountain Kingsnake
(Arizona Mountain Kingsnake/
Knobloch's Mountain Kingsnake)
Taylor, 1940 Arizona Mountain Kingsnake
Lampropeltis pyromelana Arizona Mountain Kingsnake (Cope, 1867) Arizona Mountain Kingsnake
Lampropeltis splendida Desert Kingsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Desert Kingsnake
Lichanura Rosy Boas Cope, 1861  
Lichanura orcutti Rosy Boa (Desert Rosy Boa) (Stejneger 1889) Northern Three-lined Boa
Lichanura trivirgata Three-lined Boa (Mexican Rosy Boa) (Cope, 1861) Rosy Boa
Micruroides Sonoran Coral Snakes Schmidt, 1928  
Micruroides euryxanthus Sonoran Coral Snake (Kennicott, 1860)  
   Micruroides euryxanthus euryxanthus Arizona Coralsnake (Kennicott, 1860) Arizona Coralsnake
Oxybelis American Vinesnakes Wagler, 1830  
Oxybelis aeneus Brown Vinesnake (Wagler, 1824) Brown Vinesnake
Phyllorynchus Leaf-nosed Snakes Stejneger, 1890  
Phyllorynchus browni Saddled Leaf-nosed Snake Stejneger, 1890 Snake

Pituophis Bullsnakes, Pinesnakes,
and Gophersnakes
Holbrook, 1842  
Pituophis catenifer Gophersnake (Blainville, 1835)  
   Pituophis catenifer affinis Sonoran Gophersnake (Hallowell, 1852) Snake
   Pituophis catenifer deserticola Great Basin Gophersnake Stejneger, 1893 Great Basin Gopher Snake
Rena Threadsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Rena dissectus
(=Leptotyphlops dissectus)
New Mexico Threadsnake (Cope, 1896) New Mexico Threadsnake
Rhinocheilus Long-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Rhinocheilus lecontei Long-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853 Snake

Long-nosed Snake
Salvadora Patch-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Salvadora grahamiae Eastern Patch-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853  
   Salvadora grahamiae grahamiae Mountain Patch-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853 Mountain Patch-nosed Snake
Salvadora hexalepis Western Patch-nosed Snake (Cope, 1866)  
   Salvadora hexalepis hexalepis Desert Patch-nosed Snake (Cope, 1866) Desert Patch-nosed Snake
Senticolis Green Ratsnakes Dowling and Fries, 1987  
Senticolis triaspis Green Ratsnake (Cope, 1866)  
  Senticolis triaspis intermedia Northern Green Ratsnake (Boettger, 1883) Northern Green Ratsnake
Sistrurus Massasauga & Pygmy Rattlesnakes Garman, 1883  
Sistrurus catenatus Massasauga (Rafinesque, 1818)  
  Sistrurus tergeminus edwardsii Desert Massasauga (Baird and Girard, 1853) Desert Massasauga
Sonora North American Groundsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Sonora semiannulata Western Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853  
   Sonora semiannulata semiannulata Variable Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853 Variable Groundsnake

Variable Groundsnake
Tantilla Black-headed, Crowned,
and Flat-headed Snakes
Baird and Girard, 1853  
Tantilla hobartsmithi Smith's Black-headed Snake Taylor, 1937 Smith's Black-headed Snake
Tantilla nigriceps Plains Black-headed Snake Kennicott, 1860 Plains Black-headed Snake
Tantilla wilcoxi Chihuahuan Black-headed Snake Stejneger, 1903 Chihuahuan Black-headed Snake
Thamnophis North American Gartersnakes Fitzinger, 1843  
Thamnophis cyrtopsis Black-necked Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860)  
  Thamnophis cyrtopsis cyrtopsis Western Black-necked Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860) Western Black-necked Gartersnake
Thamnophis elegans Terrestrial Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)  
   Thamnophis elegans vagrans Wandering Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Wandering Gartersnake
Thamnophis marcianus Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)  
  Thamnophis marcianus marcianus Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake
Thamnophis rufipunctatus Narrow-headed Gartersnake
(Mogollon Narrow-headed Gartersnake)
(Cope, 1875) Narrow-headed Gartersnake
Trimorphodon Lyresnakes Cope, 1861  
Trimorphodon lambda Sonoran Lyresnake Cope, 1886 Sonoran Lyresnake
Testudines Turtles Linnaeus, 1758  
Gopherus Gopher Tortoises Rafinesque, 1832  
Gopherus agassizii 
Desert Tortoise (Cooper, 1863) Desert Tortoise
Kinosternon American Mud Turtles Spix, 1824  
Kinosternon arizonense

K. stejnegeri
K. flavescens arizonense
Arizona Mud Turtle (Gilmore, 1922) Arizona Mud Turtle
Kinosternon sonoriense Sonora Mud Turtle LeConte, 1854  
  Kinosternon sonoriense sonoriense Desert Mud Turtle
Sonoran Mud Turtle
Sonora Mud Turtle
LeConte, 1854 Desert Mud Turtle
Terrapene American Box Turtles Merrem, 1820  
Terapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)  
  Terrapene ornata luteola (SW) Desert Box Turtle Smith and Ramsey, 1952 Box Turtle

Reptiles and Amphibians of Arizona

Southwestern Center for Herpetological Research

Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles North American Species Names Database


Southwest Herps

Brennan, Thomas C., and Andrew T. Holycross. Amphibians and Reptiles in Arizona. Arizona Game and Fish Department, 2006.

Degenhardt, William G., Charles W. Painter, & Andrew H. Price. Amphibians and Reptiles of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, 1996.

Samuel M. McGinnis and Robert C. Stebbins. Peterson Field Guide to Western Reptiles & Amphibians. 4th Edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 2018.

Murphy, John C. Arizona's Amphibians & Reptiles: A Natural History and Field Guide. Book Services, 2018.

Stebbins, Robert C. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. 3rd Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003.


Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Amphibians of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Dodd, C. Kenneth. Frogs of the United States and Canada, 2-volumes. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

Elliott, Lang, Carl Gerhardt, and Carlos Davidson. Frogs and Toads of North America, a Comprehensive Guide to their Identification, Behavior, and Calls. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009.


Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Snakes of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Ernst, Carl H., Evelyn M. Ernst, & Robert M. Corker. Snakes of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, 2003.

Ernst, Carl H. and Evelyn M. Ernst. Venomous Reptiles of the United States, Canada, and Northern Mexico: Heloderma, Micruroides, Micrurus, Pelamis, Agkistrodon, Sistrurus (Volumes 1 & 2)  Johns Hopkins University Press. 2011


Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Turtles and Lizards of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Robert L. Bezy. Night Lizards: Field Memoirs and a Summary of the Xantusiidae. ECO Herpetological Publishing & Distribution. 2019.

Jones, Lawrence, Rob Lovich, editors. Lizards of the American Southwest: A Photographic Field Guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, 2009.

Sherbrooke, Wade C. Introduction to Horned Lizards of North America. University of California Press, 2003.


Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Turtles and Lizards of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Carr, Archie. Handbook of Turtles: The Turtles of the United States, Canada, and Baja California. Cornell University Press, 1969.

Ernst, Carl H., Roger W. Barbour, & Jeffrey E. Lovich. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution 1994. (2nd Edition published 2009)


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