Photos of Reptiles and Amphibians from the North American Southwest

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The links on this list lead to a collection of photos of reptiles and amphibians I have photographed in the North American Southwest - Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah, but excluding southern California. (Southern CA desert herps are included in the California section, but I have put links to some of those pages here if they include pictures of Southwest animals.) There are some pictures from other people, also.

This is not meant to be a list of all of the reptiles and amphibians in the Southwest, only a list of the species for which I have photographs.

Click on a name link to see the photos.
Scientific Name Common Name Original Description
Anura Frogs Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)
Anaxyrus  (=Bufo) North American Toads Tschudi, 1845
Anaxyrus Boreas Western Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852)
   Anaxyrus boreas boreas (=Bufo boreas boreas) Boreal Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Anaxyrus cognatus (=Bufo cognatus) Great Plains Toad (Say, 1823)
Anaxyrus debilis Green Toad (Girard, 1854)
  Anaxyrus debilis insidior (=Bufo debilis insidior) Western Chihuahuan Green Toad (Girard, 1854)
Anaxyrus microscaphus (=Bufo microscaphus) Arizona Toad (Cope, 1866)
Anaxyrus nelsoni (=Bufo nelsoni) Amargosa Toad (Stejneger, 1893)
Anaxyrus punctatus (=Bufo punctatus) Red-spotted Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Anaxyrus retiformis (=Bufo retiformis) Sonoran Green Toad (Sanders and Smith, 1951)
Anaxyrus williamsi (=Bufo williamsi) Dixie Valley Toad Gordon, Simandle & Tracy, 2017
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad (Girard, 1854)
   Anaxyrus woodhousii australis
(=Bufo woodhousii australis)
Southwestern Woodhouse's Toad (Shannon and Lowe, 1955)
Gastrophryne North American Narrow-mouthed Toads Fitzinger, 1843
Gastrophryne olivacea
(Gastrophryne mazatlensis)
Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad
(Mazatlan Narrow-mouthed Toad)
(Hallowell, 1857 “1856”)
Hyla Holarctic Treefrogs Laurenti, 1768
Hyla arenicolor Canyon Treefrog Cope, 1866
Hyla wrightorum Arizona Treefrog Taylor, 1939 “1938”
Incilius Central American Toads Cope, 1875
Incilius alvarius (=Bufo alvarius) Sonoran Desert Toad (Girard, 1859)
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843
Lithobates catesbeianus (= Rana catesbeiana) American Bullfrog (Shaw, 1802)
Lithobates chiricahuensis (=Rana chiricahuensis) Chiricahua Leopard Frog (Platz and Mecham, 1979)
Lithobates onca (=Rana onca) Relict Leopard Frog (Cope, 1875)
Lithobates pipiens (=Rana pipiens) Northern Leopard Frog (Schreber, 1782)
Lithobates tarahumarae Tarahumara Frog (Boulenger, 1917)
Lithobates yavapaiensis (=Rana yavapaiensis) Lowland Leopard Frog (Platz and Frost, 1984)
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843
Pseudacris maculata Boreal Chorus Frog (Wied-Neuwied, 1838)
Smilisca Mexican Treefrogs Cope, 1865
Smilisca fodiens (=Pternohyla fodiens) Lowland Burrowing Treefrog (Boulenger, 1882)
Scaphiopus North American Spadefoots Holbrook, 1836
Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot Baird, 1854
Spea Western Spadefoots Cope, 1866
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot (Cope, 1863)
Spea multiplicata Mexican Spadefoot (Cope, 1863)
   Spea multiplicata stagnalis Chihuahuan Desert Spadefoot
(New Mexico Spadefoot)
(Cope, 1875)
Caudata Salamanders Scopoli, 1777
Aneides Climbing Salamanders Baird, 1851
Aneides hardii Sacramento Mountains Salamander (Taylor, 1941)
Ambystoma Mole Salamanders Tschudi, 1838
Ambystoma mavortium Barred Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849”
   Ambystoma mavortium mavortium Barred Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849”
   Ambystoma mavortium nebulosum Arizona Tiger Salamander Hallowell, 1852
Plethodon Woodland Salamanders Tschudi, 1838
Plethodon neomexicanus Jemez Mountains Salamander Stebbins and Riemer, 1950
Squamata Lizards Oppel, 1811
Aspidoscelis Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843
Aspidoscelis arizonae Arizona Striped Whiptail (Van Denburgh, 1896)
Aspidoscelis exsanguis Chihuahuan Spotted Whiptail (Lowe, 1956)
Aspidoscelis gypsi Little White Whiptail (Wright and Lowe, 1993)
Aspidoscelis neomexicana New Mexico Whiptail (Lowe and Zweifel, 1952)
Aspidoscelis pai Pai Striped Whiptail (Wright and Lowe, 1993)
Aspidoscelis sonorae Sonoran Spotted Whiptail (Lowe and Wright, 1964)
Aspidoscelis stictogramma Giant Spotted Whiptail (Burger, 1950)
Aspidoscelis tigris Tiger Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)
   Aspidoscelis tigris punctilinealis Sonoran Tiger Whiptail (Dickerson,1919)
   Aspidoscelis tigris septentrionalis Plateau Tiger Whiptail (Burger, 1950)
Aspidoscelis uniparens Desert Grassland Whiptail (Wright and Lowe, 1965)
Aspidoscelis velox Plateau Striped Whiptail (Springer, 1928)
Callisaurus Zebra-tailed Lizards Blainville, 1835
Callisaurus draconiodes Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835
   Callisaurus draconoides myurus Nevada Zebra-tailed Lizard Richardson, 1915
   Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus Western Zebra-tailed Lizard Cope, 1896
   Callisaurus draconoides ventralis Eastern Zebra-tailed Lizard (Hallowell, 1852)
Coleonyx Banded Geckos Gray, 1845
Coleonyx variegatus Western Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
   Coleonyx variegatus bogerti Tucson Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945
  Coleonyx variegatus utahensis Utah Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945
Cophosaurus Greater Earless Lizards Troschel, 1852 “1850”
Cophosaurus texanus Greater Earless Lizard Troschel, 1852 “1850”
   Cophosaurus texanus scitulus Chihuahuan Greater Earless Lizard (Peters, 1951)
Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842
Crotaphytus bicinctores Great Basin Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard (Say, 1823)
Crotaphytus nebrius Sonoran Collared Lizard Axtell and Montanucci, 1977
Elgaria Western Alligator Lizards Gray, 1838
Elgaria kingii Madrean Alligator Liard Gray, 1838)
  Elgaria kingii nobilis Arizona Alligator Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852)
Gambelia Leopard Lizards Baird 1859 “1858”
Gambelia wislizenii Long-nosed Leopard Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Heloderma Gila Monsters & Beaded Lizards Wiegmann, 1829
Heloderma suspectum Gila Monster Cope, 1869
   Heloderma suspectum cinctum Banded Gila Monster Bogert and Martin del Campo, 1956
   Heloderma suspectum suspectum Reticulate Gila Monster Cope, 1869
Hemidactylus House Geckos Gray, 1825
Hemidactylus turcicus  Mediterranean Gecko (Linnaeus, 1758)
Holbrookia Lesser Earless Lizards Girard, 1851
Holbrookia elegans Elegant Earless Lizard Bocourt, 1874 in Duméril, Mocquard & Bocourt, 1870-1909
   Holbrookia elegans thermophila Sonoran Earless Lizard Barbour, 1921
Holbrookia maculata Common Lesser Earless Lizard Girard, 1851
  Holbrookia maculata campi Plateau Earless Lizard Schmidt, 1921
  Holbrookia maculata flavilenta Chihuahuan Leser Earless Lizard Cope, 1883
  Holbrookia maculata ruthveni Bleached Earless Lizard Smith, 1943
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard (Harlan, 1825)
Phrynosoma (Doliosaurus) goodei Goode's Desert Horned Lizard Stejnejer, 1893
Phrynosoma hernandesi Greater Short-horned Lizard Girard, 1858
  Phrynosoma hernandesi hernandesi Hernandez's Short-horned Lizard Girard, 1858
  Phrynosoma hernandesi ornatum Salt Lake Valley Short-horned Lizard Girard 1858b, comb. nov.
Phrynosoma (Doliosaurus) modestum Round-tailed Horned Lizard Girard, 1852
Phrynosoma platyrhinos Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852
   Phrynosoma (Doliosaurus) platyrhinos platyrhinos Northern Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852
Phrynosoma (Anota) solare Regal Horned Lizard Gray, 1845
Plestiodon Toothy Skinks Duméril and Bibron, 1839
Plestiodon callicephalus (= Eumeces callicephalus) Mountain Skink (Bocourt, 1879 in Duméril, Mocquard & Bocourt, 1870-1909)
Plestiodon multivirgatus Many-lined Skink Hallowell, 1857
  Plestiodon multivirgatus epipleurotus Variable Skink (Cope, 1880)
Sauromalus Chuckwallas Duméril, 1856
Sauromalus ater Common Chuckwalla Duméril, 1856
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828
Sceloporus clarkii Clark's Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
  Sceloporus clarkii clarkii Sonoran Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
  Sceloporus clarki vallaris Plateau Spiny Lizard Shannon and Urbano, 1954
Sceloporus cowlesi Southwestern Fence Lizard Lowe and Norris, 1956
Sceloporus graciosus Common Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
   Sceloporus graciosus graciosus Northern Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
Sceloporus jarrovii Yarrow's Spiny Lizard Cope, 1875
Sceloporus magister Desert Spiny Lizard Hallowell, 1854
Sceloporus poinsetti Crevice Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
   Sceloporus poinsettii poinsettii New Mexico Crevice Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
Sceloporus slevini Slevin's Bunch Grass Lizard Smith, 1937
Sceloporus tristichus Plateau Fence Lizard (Northern Plateau Lizard) Cope in Yarrow 1875
Sceloporus uniformis  Yellow-backed Spiny Lizard Phelan and Brattstrom, 1955
Sceloporus virgatus Striped Plateau Lizard Smith, 1938
Uma Fringe-toed Lizards 1859 “1858”
Uma rufopunctata Yuman Desert Fringe-toed Lizard Cope, 1895
Urosaurus Tree and Brush Lizards Hallowell, 1854
Urosaurus ornatus Tree Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)
   Urosaurus ornatus schottii Schott's Tree Lizard (Mittleman, 1940)
  Urosaurus ornatus wrighti Northern Tree Lizard (Schmidt, 1921)
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard in Stansbury 1852
Uta stansburiana Common Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
   Uta stansburiana elegans Western Side-blotched Lizard Yarrow, 1882
   Uta stansburiana stansburiana Northern Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
   Uta stansburiana stejnegeri Eastern Side-blotched Lizard Schmidt, 1921
   Uta stansburiana uniformis Plateau Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
Xantusia NIght Lizards Baird, 1859 “1858”
Xantusia arizonae Arizona Night Lizard Klauber, 1931
Xantusia bezyi Bezy's Night Lizard Papenfuss, Macey, and Schulte, 2001
Xantusia vigilis (utahensis) Desert Night Lizard (Utah Night Lizard) Baird, 1859 “1858”
Squamata Snakes Oppel, 1811
Arizona Glossy Snakes Kennicott, in Baird, 1859
Arizona elegans Glossy Snake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859
   Arizona elegans philipi Painted Desert Glossy Snake Klauber, 1946
Chionactis Shovel-nosed Snakes Cope, 1860
Chionactis annulata Resplendent Desert Shovel-nosed Snake (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
   Chionactis annulata klauberi (Sonora annulata) Tucson Shovel-nosed Snake (Stickel, 1941)
Coluber North American Racers,
Coachwhips and Whipsnakes
Linnaeus, 1758
Coluber bilineatis (=Masticophis bilineatis) Sonoran Whipsnake (Jan, 1863)
Crotalus Rattlesnakes Linnaeus, 1758
Crotalus atrox Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Baird and Girard, 1853
Crotalus cerastes Sidewinder Hallowell, 1854
   Crotalus cerastes cercobombus Sonoran Sidewinder Savage and Cliff, 1953
Crotalus cerberus Arizona Black Rattlesnake (Coues, 1875)
Crotalus lepidus Rock Rattlesnake (Kennicott, 1861)
   Crotalus lepidus klauberi Banded Rock Rattlesnake Gloyd, 1936
Crotalus mitchellii Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1861)
   Crotalus mitchellii pyrrhus Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1867 “1866”)
Crotalus molossus Western Black-tailed Rattlesnake Baird and Girard, 1853
Crotalus oreganus Western Rattlesnake Holbrook, 1840
   Crotalus oreganus abyssus (=Crotalus abyssus) Grand Canyon Rattlesnake Klauber, 1930
   Crotalus oreganus concolor (=Crotalus concolor) Midget Faded Rattlesnake Woodbury, 1929
   Crotalus oreganus lutosus (=Crotalus lutosus) Great Basin Rattlesnake Klauber, 1930
Crotalus pricei Twin-spotted Rattlesnake Van Denburgh, 1895
  Crotalus pricei pricei Western Twin-spotted Rattlesnake Van Denburgh, 1895
Crotalus tigris Tiger Rattlesnake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859
Crotalus viridis Prairie Rattlesnake (Rafinesque, 1818)
Crotalus willardi Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake Meek, 1905
  Crotalus willardi obscurus New Mexico Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake Harris and Simmons, 1976
  Crotalus willardi willardi Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake Meek, 1905
Diadophis Ring-necked Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853
Diadophis punctatus Ring-necked Snake (Linnaeus, 1766)
   Diadophis punctatus regalis Regal Ring-necked Snake Baird and Girard, 1853
Gyalopian Western Hook-nosed Snakes Cope, 1861
Gyalopion quadrangulare Thornscrub Hook-nosed Snake (Günther, 1893 in Salvin and Godman, 1885-1902)
Heterodon North American Hog-nosed Snakes Latreille, 1801
Heterodon kennerlyi    
(= Heterodon nasicus kennerlyi)
Mexican Hog-nosed Snake Kennicott, 1860
Hypsiglena North American Nightsnakes Cope, 1860
Hypsiglena chlorophaea Desert Nightsnake Cope, 1860
   Hypsiglena chlorophaea chlorophaea
   (=Hypsiglena torquata chlorophaea)
Sonoran Nightsnake Cope, 1860
   Hypsiglena chlorophaea loreala
   (=Hypsiglena torquata loreala)
Mesa Verde Night Snake (Tanner, 1944)
Lampropeltis Kingsnakes Fitzinger, 1843
Lampropeltis californiae
California Kingsnake
(Western Black Kingsnake)
(Blainville, 1835)
Lampropeltis gentilis Western Milksnake Baird and Girard, 1853
Lampropeltis knoblochi
(=Lampropeltis pyromelana)
Madrean Mountain Kingsnake
(= Arizona Mountain Kingsnake/
Knobloch's Mountain Kingsnake)
Taylor, 1940
Lampropeltis pyromelana Arizona Mountain Kingsnake (Cope, 1867)
Lampropeltis splendida Desert Kingsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)
Lichanura Rosy Boas Cope, 1861
Lichanura orcutti Rosy Boa (Desert Rosy Boa) (Stejneger 1889)
Lichanura trivirgata Three-lined Boa (Mexican Rosy Boa) (Cope, 1861)
Micruroides Sonoran Coral Snakes Schmidt, 1928
Micruroides euryxanthus Sonoran Coral Snake (Kennicott, 1860)
   Micruroides euryxanthus euryxanthus Arizona Coralsnake (Kennicott, 1860)
Oxybelis American Vinesnakes Wagler, 1830
Oxybelis aeneus Brown Vinesnake (Wagler, 1824)
Phyllorynchus Leaf-nosed Snakes Stejneger, 1890
Phyllorynchus browni Saddled Leaf-nosed Snake Stejneger, 1890
Pituophis Bullsnakes, Pinesnakes,
and Gophersnakes
Holbrook, 1842
Pituophis catenifer Gophersnake (Blainville, 1835)
   Pituophis catenifer affinis Sonoran Gophersnake (Hallowell, 1852)
   Pituophis catenifer deserticola Great Basin Gophersnake Stejneger, 1893
Rena Threadsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853
Rena dissectus (=Leptotyphlops dissectus) New Mexico Threadsnake (Cope, 1896)
Rhinocheilus Long-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853
Rhinocheilus lecontei Long-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853
Salvadora Patch-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853
Salvadora grahamiae Eastern Patch-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853
   Salvadora grahamiae grahamiae Mountain Patch-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853
Salvadora hexalepis Western Patch-nosed Snake (Cope, 1866)
   Salvadora hexalepis hexalepis Desert Patch-nosed Snake (Cope, 1866)
Senticolis Green Ratsnakes Dowling and Fries, 1987
Senticolis triaspis Green Ratsnake (Cope, 1866)
  Senticolis triaspis intermedia Northern Green Ratsnake (Boettger, 1883)
Sistrurus Massasauga & Pygmy Rattlesnakes Garman, 1883
Sistrurus catenatus Massasauga (Rafinesque, 1818)
  Sistrurus tergeminus edwardsii Desert Massasauga (Baird and Girard, 1853)
Sonora North American Groundsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853
Sonora semiannulata Western Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853
   Sonora semiannulata semiannulata Variable Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853
Tantilla Black-headed, Crowned,
and Flat-headed Snakes
Baird and Girard, 1853
Tantilla hobartsmithi Smith's Black-headed Snake Taylor, 1937
Tantilla nigriceps Plains Black-headed Snake Kennicott, 1860
Tantilla wilcoxi Chihuahuan Black-headed Snake Stejneger, 1903
Thamnophis North American Gartersnakes Fitzinger, 1843
Thamnophis cyrtopsis Black-necked Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860)
  Thamnophis cyrtopsis cyrtopsis Western Black-necked Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860)
Thamnophis elegans Terrestrial Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)
   Thamnophis elegans vagrans Wandering Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)
Thamnophis marcianus Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)
  Thamnophis marcianus marcianus Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)
Thamnophis rufipunctatus Narrow-headed Gartersnake (Cope, 1875)
Trimorphodon Lyresnakes Cope, 1861
Trimorphodon lambda Sonoran Lyresnake Cope, 1886
Testudines Turtles Linnaeus, 1758
Kinosternon American Mud Turtles Spix, 1824
Kinosternon flavescens (AZ) Yellow Mud Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)
Kinosternon sonoriense Sonora Mud Turtle LeConte, 1854
  Kinosternon sonoriense sonoriense Desert Mud Turtle
Sonoran Mud Turtle
Sonora Mud Turtle
LeConte, 1854
Terrapene American Box Turtles Merrem, 1820
Terapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)
  Terrapene ornata luteola (SW) Desert Box Turtle Smith and Ramsey, 1952

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