Photos of Reptiles and Amphibians from Baja California

This is a list of the Reptiles and Amphibians from Baja California for which I have photographs. It is not a complete list of herps found in Baja California.

The names used here mostly follow those used in this book: Grismer, L. Lee. Amphibians and Reptiles of Baja California, Including its Pacific Islands and the Islands in the Sea of Cortes. The University of California Press, 2002, with a few changes to species found on the SSAR List.

Click on a name link to see more photos.

Click on a picture for a larger view.

Scientific Name Common Name Original Description Picture
Anura Frogs Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)  
Anaxyrus North American Toads Tschudi, 1845  
Anaxyrus boreas Western Toad    
   Anaxyrus boreas halophilus California Toad (Baird and Girard, 1853
Anaxyrus californicus Arroyo Toad (Camp, 1915)
Anaxyrus punctatus
=Bufo punctatus)
Red-spotted Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) Red-spotted Toad
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843  
Lithobates catesbeianus  
(=Rana catesbeiana)

(Alien Species)
American Bullfrog (Shaw, 1802) bullfrog
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843  
Pseudacris cadaverina California Treefrog (Cope, 1866) Red-spotted Toad
Pseudacris hypochondriaca Baja California Treefrog (Hallowell, 1854) Baja California Treefrog
Rana Brown Frogs Linnaeus, 1758  
Rana draytonii California Red-legged Frog Baird and Girard, 1852
Scaphiopus North American Spadefoots Holbrook, 1836  
Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot Baird, 1854 Red-spotted Toad
Spea Western Spadefoots Cope, 1866  
Spea hammondii Western Spadefoot (Baird, 1859 “1857”) Western Spadefoot
Caudata Salamanders Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)  
Batrachoseps Slender Salamanders Bonaparte, 1841  
Batrachoseps major Southern California Slender Salamander Camp, 1915  
  Batrachoseps major major Garden Slender Salamander Camp, 1915 Isla Carmen Whiptail
Squamata Lizards Oppel, 1811  
Anniella North American Legless Lizards Gray, 1852  
Anniella geronimensis
Baja California Legless Lizard Shaw, 1940 baja legless
Aspidoscelis  (=Cnemidophorus) Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843  
Aspidoscelis carmenensis Isla Carmen Whiptail (Dickerson, 1919) carmen whiptail
Aspidoscelis celeripes Isla San José Western Whiptail Dickerson, 1919 carmen whiptail
Aspidoscelis danheimae Isla San José Whiptail (Burt, 1929) Black-tailed Brush Lizard
Aspidoscelis hyperythra Orange-throated Whiptail (Cope, 1863)  
  Aspidoscelis hyperythra beldingi Belding's Orange-throated Whiptail (Stejneger, 1894) Orange-throated Whiptail
  Aspidoscelis hyperythra hyperythra Cape Orange-throated Whiptail (Cope, 1863) ot whiptail
Aspidoscelis labialis Baja California Whiptail (Stejneger, 1890) baja whiptail
Aspidoscelis maxima Cape Giant Whiptail (Cope , 1864) cape giant whiptail
Aspidoscelis tigris Tiger Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
  Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri San Diegan Tiger Whiptail (Van Denburgh, 1894) Cape Giant Whiptail
Callisaurus Zebra-tailed Lizards Blainville, 1835  
Callisaurus draconiodes Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835  
  Callisaurus draconoides carmenensis
Carmen Island Zebra-tailed Lizard Dickerson, 1919 zebra tailed lizard
  Callisaurus draconoides crinitus
Viscaino Zebra-tailed Lizard Cope, 1896 Viscaino zebra-tailed lizard
  Callisaurus draconoides draconoides Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835 zebra-tailed lizard
Coleonyx Banded Geckos Gray, 1845  
Coleonyx switaki Switak’s Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974)  
  Coleonyx switaki switaki  Peninsula Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974) Side-blotched Lizard
Coleonyx variegatus Western Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
  Coleonyx variegatus abbotti
San Diego Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945 san diego banded gecko
  Coleonyx variegatus peninsularis San Lucan Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945 Viscaino Zebra-tailed Lizard
  Coleonyx variegatus variegatus Desert Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859) Viscaino Zebra-tailed Lizard
Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842  
Crotaphytus vestigium  Baja California Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972 Side-blotched Lizard
Ctenosaura Spiny-tailed Iguanas Wiegmann, 1828  
Ctenosaura hemilopha
Cape Spiny-tailed Iguana Cope, 1863 cape spiny-tailed lizard

juvenile cape spiny-tailed lizard
Dipsosaurus Desert Iguanas Hallowell, 1854  
Dipsosaurus dorsalis Desert Iguana (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis
Northern Desert Iguana (Baird and Girard, 1852) Desert Iguana
Dipsosaurus dorsalis lucasensis
San Lucan Desert Iguana Van Denburgh, 1920 desert iguana
Elgaria Western Alligator Lizards Gray, 1838  
Elgaria multicarinata Southern Alligator Lizard (Blainville, 1835)
  Elgaria multicarinata webbii Woodland Alligator Lizard (Baird, 1859 “1858”) Viscaino Zebra-tailed Lizard
Elgaria paucicarinata San Lucan Alligator Lizard Fitch, 1934 Side-blotched Lizard
Hemidactylus House Geckos Gray, 1825  
Hemidactylus frenatus Common House Gecko Duméril and Bibron, 1836 Common House Gecko
Petrosaurus Banded Rock Lizards Boulenger, 1885  
Petrosaurus mearnsi Mearns's Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894)  
  Petrosaurus mearnsi mearnsi Mearns's Rock Lizard 

(Stejneger, 1894) banded rock lizard
Petrosaurus repens Central Baja California Banded Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894) baja banded rock lizard
Petrosaurus thallassinus San Lucan Banded Rock Lizard (Cope, 1863) san lucan banded rock lizard
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828  
Phrynosoma cerroense Cedros Island Horned Lizard Leache et al. 2009 Side-blotched Lizard
Phrynosoma coronatum
Cape Horned Lizard
(Coast Horned Lizard)
Blainville, 1835 cape horned lizard
Phrynosoma platyrhinos Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852  
  Phrynosoma platyrhinos calidiarum  Southern Desert Horned Lizard (Cope, 1896) Black-tailed Brush Lizard
Phyllodactylus Leaf-toed Geckos Gray, 1828  
Phyllodactylus nocticolus
Peninsular Leaf-toed Gecko Dixon, 1964 leaf-toed gecko
Phyllodactylus unctus San Lucan Leaf-toed Gecko Cope, 1864 san lucan leaf-toed gecko
Phyllodactylus xanti Cape Leaf-toed Gecko Cope, 1863 cape leaf toed gecko
Plestiodon Toothy Skinks Duméril and Bibron, 1839  
Plestiodon skiltonianus Western Skink Baird and Girard, 1852
  Plestiodon skiltonianus interparietalis Coronado Skink (Tanner, 1958 “1957”) sCoronado Skink
Sauromalus Chuckwallas Duméril, 1856  
Sauromalus ater Common Chuckwalla Duméril, 1856 Common Chuckwalla

common chuckwalla
Sauromalus hispidus
Spiny Chuckwalla
(Angel Island Chuckwalla)
Stejnegeri, 1891 spiny chuckwalla
Sauromalus slevini
Slevin's Chuckwalla Van Denburgh, 1922 slevin's chuckwalla
Sauromalus varius San Esteban Chuckwalla 
(San Esteban Island Chuckwalla)
(Isla Esteban Chuckwalla)
Dickerson, 1919 isla santa cruz spiny lizard
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828  
Sceloporus angustus
Isla Santa Cruz Spiny Lizard Dickerson, 1919 isla santa cruz spiny lizard
Sceloporus graciosus Common Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
  Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus Southern Sagebrush Lizard Cope, 1896
Side-blotched Lizard
Sceloporus hunsakeri
Hunsaker's Spiny Lizard Hall & Smith, 1979 hunsaker's spiny lizard
Sceloporus licki Cape Spiny Lizard Van Denburgh, 1895 cape spiny lizard
Sceloporus magister Desert Spiny Lizard Hallowell, 1854 Viscaino Zebra-tailed Lizard
Sceloporus orcutti Granite Spiny Lizard Stejneger, 1893 granite spiny lizard
Sceloporus zosteromus Baja California Spiny Lizard Cope, 1863 Granite Spiny Lizard
Uma Fringe-toed Lizards 1859 “1858”  
Uma notata Colorado Desert Fringe-toed Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858” Viscaino Zebra-tailed Lizard
Urosaurus Tree and Brush Lizards Hallowell, 1854  
Urosaurus lahtelai Cataviña Brush Lizard Rau & Loomis, 1977 baja ca brush lizard
Urosaurus microscutatus

(Urosaurus nigricaudus)
Small-scaled Lizard

(Black-tailed Brush Lizard,
Baja California Brush Lizard)

(Cope, 1864)


black-tailed brush lizard
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard in Stansbury 1852
Uta stansburiana
Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852 uta
Xantusia NIght Lizards Baird, 1859 “1858”  
Xantusia henshawi Granite Night Lizard Stejneger, 1893 Side-blotched Lizard
Xantusia wigginsi Wiggins' Night Lizard Savage, 1952 Baja CA night lizard
Squamata Snakes Oppel, 1811  
Arizona Glossy Snakes Kennicott, in Baird, 1859  
Arizona elegans Glossy Snake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859  
  Arizona elegans eburnata Desert Glossy Snake Klauber, 1946 Glossy Snake
Bogertophis Desert Ratsnakes Dowling and Price, 1988  
Bogertophis rosaliae
Baja California Rat Snake (Mocquard, 1899) Baja Rat Snake

Baja Rat Snake
Chilomeniscus Sandsnakes Cope, 1860  
Chilomeniscus stramineus
Variable Sand Snake Cope, 1860 Variable Sandsnake

Chionactis Shovel-nosed Snakes Cope, 1860  
Chionactis annulata Resplendent Desert Shovel-nosed Snake (Baird, 1859 “1858”)  
  Chionactis annulata annulata Colorado Desert Shovel-nosed Snake (Baird, 1859 “1858”) Mohave Shovel-nosed Snake
Coluber North American Racers,
Coachwhips and Whipsnakes
Linnaeus, 1758  
Coluber flagellum Coachwhip Shaw, 1802  
 Coluber flagellum piceus
Red Racer (Cope, 1892) Baja California Gopher Snake
Coluber fuliginosus
(= Masticophis fuliginosus)
Baja California Coachwhip (Cope, 1895) Baja California Coachwhip

Baja California Coachwhip
Coluber lateralis Striped Racer (Hallowell, 1853)  
  Coluber lateralis lateralis
California Striped Racer (Hallowell, 1853) Baja California Gopher Snake
Crotalus Rattlesnakes Linnaeus, 1758  
Crotalus angelensis
Isla Angel de la Guarda Rattlesnake Klauber, 1963 Isla Angel de la Guarda Rattlesnake
Crotalus catalinensis
Isla Santa Catalina Rattlesnake Cliff, 1954 Isla Catalina Rattlesnake
Crotalus cerastes Sidewinder Hallowell, 1854  
  Crotalus cerastes laterorepens Colorado Desert Sidewinder Klauber, 1944 Isla Catalina Rattlesnake
Crotalus enyo Baja California Rattlesnake Cope, 1861 Baja California Rattlesnake
Crotalus mitchellii Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1861)  
  Crotalus mitchellii mitchellii San Lucan Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1861) San Lucan Speckled Rattlesnake
Crotalus oreganus Western Rattlesnake Holbrook, 1840  
  Crotalus oreganus helleri Southern Pacific Rattlesnake Meek, 1905 southern pacific rattlesnake
Crotalus pyrrhus Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1867 “1866”) Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake
Crotalus ruber Red Diamond Rattlesnake Cope, 1892 Red Diamond Rattlesnake
Hypsiglena North American Nightsnakes Cope, 1860  
Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha Coast Nightsnake Cope, 1860  
  Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha klauberi San Diego Nightsnake Tanner, 1944 Baja California Rattlesnake
  Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha ochrorhyncha Cape Nightsnake Cope, 1860 Baja California Rattlesnake
Hypsiglena slevini Baja California Nightsnake Tanner, 1943 Baja California Rattlesnake
Lampropeltis Kingsnakes Fitzinger, 1843  
Lampropeltis californiae
California Kingsnake (Blainville, 1835) Common Kingsnake
Lampropeltis multifasciata Coast Mountain Kingsnake Bocourt (1882) Baja California Gopher Snake
Lichanura Rosy Boas Cope, 1861  
Lichanura orcutti Rosy Boa Stejneger, 1889 Rosy Boa
Lichanura trivirgata 
Three-lined Boa  
Mexican Rosy Boa
Baja Rosy Boa
(Cope, 1861) Rosy Boa

Rosy Boa
Phyllorynchus Leaf-nosed Snakes Stejneger, 1890  
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus Spotted Leaf-nosed Snake (Cope, 1868) Baja California Rattlesnake
Pituophis Bullsnakes, Pinesnakes,
and Gophersnakes
Holbrook, 1842  
Pituophis catenifer Gophersnake (Blainville, 1835)  
  Pituophis catenifer annectens San Diego Gophersnake Baird and Girard, 1853 San Diego Gopher Snake
Pituophis vertebralis Baja California Gophersnake (Blainville, 1835)  
  Pituophis vertebralis bimaris Baja California Gophersnake

(Mid Baja California Gophersnake)
(Klauber, 1946) Baja California Gopher Snake
  Pituophis vertebralis vertebralis  Cape Gophersnake

(Baja California Gophersnake)
Hirschkorn & Skubowius, 2011 Baja California Gopher Snake
Rena Threadsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Rena boettgeri (Cape) Threadsnake (Werner 1899) Isla Angel de la Guarda Rattlesnake
Rena humilis Western Threadsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)  
  Rena humilis cahuilae Desert Threadsnake Klauber, 1931 Desert Threadsnake
Salvadora Patch-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Salvadora hexalepis Western Patch-nosed Snake (Cope, 1866)  
  Salvadora hexalepis klauberi (BC) Baja California Patch-nosed Snake Bogert, 1945 Baja California Gopher Snake
Sonora North American Groundsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Sonora semiannulata Western Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853  
  Sonora semiannulata semiannulata Variable Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853 Sand Snake
Thamnophis North American Gartersnakes Fitzinger, 1843  
Thamnophis marcianus Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)  
  Thamnophis marcianus marcianus Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake
Thamnophis hammondii Two-striped Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860 ) Glossy Snake
Thamnophis valida West Coast Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860)  
  Thamnophis valida celaeno
West Coast Gartersnake
(Cape Gartersnake)
(Cope, 1860) West Coast Gartersnake
Trimorphodon Lyresnakes Cope, 1861  
Trimorphodon lyrophanes California Lyresnake (Cope, 1860) Glossy Snake
Testudines Turtles Linnaeus, 1758  
Actinemys Western Pond Turtles Agassiz, 1857  
Actinemys pallida Southwestern Pond Turtle (Seeliger 1945) Western Pond Turtle
Trachemys Sliders Agassiz, 1857  
Trachemys nebulosa Baja California Slider (Van Denburgh, 1895) turtle
Chelonia Green Sea Turtles Brongniart, 1800  
Chelonia mydas

(aka Chelonia agassizii)
Green Seaturtle (Linnaeus, 1758) Green Sea Turtle
Amphisbaenidae Worm Lizards    
Bipedidae Two-legged Worm Lizards Taylor, 1951  
Bipes Two-legged Worm Lizard Latreille, 1801  
Bipes biporus Five-toed Worm Lizard Cope, 1894 bipes


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