Photos of Reptiles and Amphibians from Baja California

This is a list of the Reptiles and Amphibians from Baja California for which I have photographs. It is not a complete list of herps found in Baja California.

The names used here mostly follow those used in this book: Grismer, L. Lee. Amphibians and Reptiles of Baja California, Including its Pacific Islands and the Islands in the Sea of Cortes. The University of California Press, 2002, with a few changes to species found on the SSAR List.

Click on a name link to see more photos.

Scientific Name Common Name Original Description
Anura Frogs Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)
Anaxyrus North American Toads Tschudi, 1845
Anaxyrus boreas Western Toad  
   Anaxyrus boreas halophilus California Toad (Baird and Girard, 1853
Anaxyrus californicus Arroyo Toad (Camp, 1915)
Anaxyrus punctatus
(=Bufo punctatus)
Red-spotted Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843
Lithobates catesbeianus  
(=Rana catesbeiana)

(Alien Species)
American Bullfrog (Shaw, 1802)
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843
Pseudacris cadaverina California Treefrog (Cope, 1866)
Pseudacris hypochondriaca Baja California Treefrog (Hallowell, 1854)
Rana Brown Frogs Linnaeus, 1758
Rana draytonii California Red-legged Frog Baird and Girard, 1852
Scaphiopus North American Spadefoots Holbrook, 1836
Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot Baird, 1854
Spea Western Spadefoots Cope, 1866
Spea hammondii Western Spadefoot (Baird, 1859 “1857”)
Caudata Salamanders Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)
Batrachoseps Slender Salamanders Bonaparte, 1841
Batrachoseps major Southern California Slender Salamander Camp, 1915
  Batrachoseps major major Garden Slender Salamander Camp, 1915
Squamata Lizards Oppel, 1811
Anniella North American Legless Lizards Gray, 1852
Anniella geronimensis
Baja California Legless Lizard Shaw, 1940
Aspidoscelis  (=Cnemidophorus) Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843
Aspidoscelis carmenensis Isla Carmen Whiptail (Dickerson, 1919)
Aspidoscelis celeripes Isla San José Western Whiptail Dickerson, 1919
Aspidoscelis danheimae Isla San José Whiptail (Burt, 1929)
Aspidoscelis hyperythra Orange-throated Whiptail (Cope, 1863)
  Aspidoscelis hyperythra beldingi Belding's Orange-throated Whiptail (Stejneger, 1894)
  Aspidoscelis hyperythra hyperythra Cape Orange-throated Whiptail (Cope, 1863)
Aspidoscelis labialis Baja California Whiptail (Stejneger, 1890)
Aspidoscelis maxima Cape Giant Whiptail (Cope , 1864)
Aspidoscelis tigris Tiger Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)
  Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri San Diegan Tiger Whiptail (Van Denburgh, 1894)
Callisaurus Zebra-tailed Lizards Blainville, 1835
Callisaurus draconiodes Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835
  Callisaurus draconoides carmenensis
Carmen Island Zebra-tailed Lizard Dickerson, 1919
  Callisaurus draconoides crinitus
Viscaino Zebra-tailed Lizard Cope, 1896
  Callisaurus draconoides draconoides Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835
Coleonyx Banded Geckos Gray, 1845
Coleonyx switaki Switak’s Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974)
  Coleonyx switaki switaki  Peninsula Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974)
Coleonyx variegatus Western Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
  Coleonyx variegatus abbotti
San Diego Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945
  Coleonyx variegatus peninsularis San Lucan Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945
  Coleonyx variegatus variegatus Desert Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859)
Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842
Crotaphytus vestigium  Baja California Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972
Ctenosaura Spiny-tailed Iguanas Wiegmann, 1828
Ctenosaura hemilopha
Cape Spiny-tailed Iguana Cope, 1863
Dipsosaurus Desert Iguanas Hallowell, 1854
Dipsosaurus dorsalis Desert Iguana (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis
Northern Desert Iguana (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Dipsosaurus dorsalis lucasensis
San Lucan Desert Iguana Van Denburgh, 1920
Elgaria Western Alligator Lizards Gray, 1838
Elgaria multicarinata Southern Alligator Lizard (Blainville, 1835)
  Elgaria multicarinata webbii Woodland Alligator Lizard (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
Elgaria paucicarinata San Lucan Alligator Lizard Fitch, 1934
Hemidactylus House Geckos Gray, 1825
Hemidactylus frenatus Common House Gecko Duméril and Bibron, 1836
Petrosaurus Banded Rock Lizards Boulenger, 1885
Petrosaurus mearnsi Mearns's Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894)
  Petrosaurus mearnsi mearnsi Mearns's Rock Lizard 
(Stejneger, 1894)
Petrosaurus repens Central Baja California Banded Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894)
Petrosaurus thallassinus San Lucan Banded Rock Lizard (Cope, 1863)
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828
Phrynosoma cerroense Cedros Island Horned Lizard Leache et al. 2009
Phrynosoma coronatum
Cape Horned Lizard (Coast Horned Lizard) Blainville, 1835
Phrynosoma platyrhinos Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852
  Phrynosoma platyrhinos calidiarum  Southern Desert Horned Lizard (Cope, 1896)
Phyllodactylus Leaf-toed Geckos Gray, 1828
Phyllodactylus nocticolus
Peninsular Leaf-toed Gecko Dixon, 1964
Phyllodactylus unctus San Lucan Leaf-toed Gecko Cope, 1864
Phyllodactylus xanti Cape Leaf-toed Gecko Cope, 1863
Plestiodon Toothy Skinks Duméril and Bibron, 1839
Plestiodon skiltonianus Western Skink Baird and Girard, 1852
  Plestiodon skiltonianus interparietalis Coronado Skink (Tanner, 1958 “1957”)
Sauromalus Chuckwallas Duméril, 1856
Sauromalus ater Common Chuckwalla Duméril, 1856
Sauromalus hispidus
Spiny Chuckwalla (Angel Island Chuckwalla) Stejnegeri, 1891
Sauromalus slevini
Slevin's Chuckwalla Van Denburgh, 1922
Sauromalus varius San Esteban Chuckwalla 
(San Esteban Island Chuckwalla)
(Isla Esteban Chuckwalla)
Dickerson, 1919
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828
Sceloporus angustus
Isla Santa Cruz Spiny Lizard Dickerson, 1919
Sceloporus graciosus Common Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
  Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus Southern Sagebrush Lizard Cope, 1896
Sceloporus hunsakeri
Hunsaker's Spiny Lizard Hall & Smith, 1979
Sceloporus licki Cape Spiny Lizard Van Denburgh, 1895
Sceloporus magister Desert Spiny Lizard Hallowell, 1854
Sceloporus orcutti Granite Spiny Lizard Stejneger, 1893
Sceloporus zosteromus Baja California Spiny Lizard Cope, 1863
Uma Fringe-toed Lizards 1859 “1858”
Uma notata Colorado Desert Fringe-toed Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858”
Urosaurus Tree and Brush Lizards Hallowell, 1854
Urosaurus lahtelai Cataviña Brush Lizard Rau & Loomis, 1977
Urosaurus microscutatus
(Urosaurus nigricaudus)
Small-scaled Lizard
(Black-tailed Brush Lizard,
Baja California Brush Lizard)
(Cope, 1864)
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard in Stansbury 1852
Uta stansburiana
Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
Xantusia NIght Lizards Baird, 1859 “1858”
Xantusia henshawi Granite Night Lizard Stejneger, 1893
Xantusia wigginsi Wiggins' Night Lizard Savage, 1952
Squamata Snakes Oppel, 1811
Arizona Glossy Snakes Kennicott, in Baird, 1859
Arizona elegans Glossy Snake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859
  Arizona elegans eburnata Desert Glossy Snake Klauber, 1946
Bogertophis Desert Ratsnakes Dowling and Price, 1988
Bogertophis rosaliae
Baja California Rat Snake (Mocquard, 1899)
Chilomeniscus Sandsnakes Cope, 1860
Chilomeniscus stramineus
Variable Sand Snake Cope, 1860
Chionactis Shovel-nosed Snakes Cope, 1860
Chionactis annulata Resplendent Desert Shovel-nosed Snake (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
  Chionactis annulata annulata Colorado Desert Shovel-nosed Snake (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
Coluber North American Racers,
Coachwhips and Whipsnakes
Linnaeus, 1758
Coluber flagellum Coachwhip Shaw, 1802
 Coluber flagellum piceus
Red Racer (Cope, 1892)
Coluber fuliginosus
(= Masticophis fuliginosus)
Baja California Coachwhip (Cope, 1895)
Coluber lateralis Striped Racer (Hallowell, 1853)
  Coluber lateralis lateralis
California Striped Racer (Hallowell, 1853)
Crotalus Rattlesnakes Linnaeus, 1758
Crotalus angelensis
Isla Angel de la Guarda Rattlesnake Klauber, 1963
Crotalus catalinensis
Isla Santa Catalina Rattlesnake Cliff, 1954
Crotalus cerastes Sidewinder Hallowell, 1854
  Crotalus cerastes laterorepens Colorado Desert Sidewinder Klauber, 1944
Crotalus enyo Baja California Rattlesnake Cope, 1861
Crotalus mitchellii Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1861)
  Crotalus mitchellii mitchellii San Lucan Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1861)
Crotalus oreganus Western Rattlesnake Holbrook, 1840
  Crotalus oreganus helleri Southern Pacific Rattlesnake Meek, 1905
Crotalus pyrrhus Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1867 “1866”)
Crotalus ruber Red Diamond Rattlesnake Cope, 1892
Hypsiglena North American Nightsnakes Cope, 1860
Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha Coast Nightsnake Cope, 1860
  Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha klauberi San Diego Nightsnake Tanner, 1944
  Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha ochrorhyncha Cape Nightsnake Cope, 1860
Hypsiglena slevini Baja California Nightsnake Tanner, 1943
Lampropeltis Kingsnakes Fitzinger, 1843
Lampropeltis californiae
California Kingsnake (Blainville, 1835)
Lampropeltis multifasciata Coast Mountain Kingsnake Bocourt (1882)
Lichanura Rosy Boas Cope, 1861
Lichanura orcutti Rosy Boa Stejneger, 1889
Lichanura trivirgata 
Three-lined Boa  
Mexican Rosy Boa
Baja Rosy Boa
(Cope, 1861)
Phyllorynchus Leaf-nosed Snakes Stejneger, 1890
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus Spotted Leaf-nosed Snake (Cope, 1868)
Pituophis Bullsnakes, Pinesnakes,
and Gophersnakes
Holbrook, 1842
Pituophis catenifer Gophersnake (Blainville, 1835)
  Pituophis catenifer annectens San Diego Gophersnake Baird and Girard, 1853
Pituophis vertebralis Baja California Gophersnake (Blainville, 1835)
  Pituophis vertebralis bimaris Baja California Gophersnake (Klauber, 1946)
  Pituophis vertebralis vertebralis  Cape Gophersnake Hirschkorn & Skubowius, 2011
Rena Threadsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853
Rena boettgeri (Cape) Threadsnake (Werner 1899)
Rena humilis Western Threadsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)
  Rena humilis cahuilae Desert Threadsnake Klauber, 1931
Salvadora Patch-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853
Salvadora hexalepis Western Patch-nosed Snake (Cope, 1866)
  Salvadora hexalepis klauberi Baja California Patch-nosed Snake Bogert, 1945
Sonora North American Groundsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853
Sonora semiannulata Western Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853
  Sonora semiannulata semiannulata Variable Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853
Thamnophis North American Gartersnakes Fitzinger, 1843
Thamnophis hammondii Two-striped Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860 )
Thamnophis marcianus Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)
  Thamnophis marcianus marcianus Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)
Thamnophis valida West Coast Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860)
  Thamnophis valida celaeno
West Coast Gartersnake
(Cape Gartersnake)
(Cope, 1860)
Trimorphodon Lyresnakes Cope, 1861
Trimorphodon lyrophanes California Lyresnake (Cope, 1860)
Testudines Turtles Linnaeus, 1758
Actinemys Western Pond Turtles Agassiz, 1857
Actinemys pallida Southwestern Pond Turtle (Seeliger 1945)
Trachemys Sliders Agassiz, 1857
Trachemys nebulosa Baja California Slider (Van Denburgh, 1895)
Chelonia Green Sea Turtles Brongniart, 1800
Chelonia mydas
aka Chelonia agassizii)
Green Seaturtle (Linnaeus, 1758)
Amphisbaenidae Worm Lizards  
Bipedidae Two-legged Worm Lizards Taylor, 1951
Bipes Two-legged Worm Lizard Latreille, 1801
Bipes biporus Five-toed Worm Lizard Cope, 1894

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