Photos of Reptiles and Amphibians
from the State of Texas

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This is a list of amphibians and reptiles found in Texas that I have photographed, and a few additional photographs from other people.

This is not a complete list of all of the amphibians and reptiles found in Texas.

Click on a name link to see more photos.

Scientific Name Common Name Original Description Sounds
Frogs Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)  
Acris  Cricket Frogs Duméril and Bibron, 1841  
Acris blanchardi
y A. crepitans)
Blanchard's Cricket Frog Harper, 1947 Sounds
Anaxyrus North American Toads Tschudi, 1845  
Anaxyrus houstonensis
(= Bufo houstonensis)
Houston Toad (Sanders, 1953) Sounds
Anaxyrus punctatus
(= Bufo punctatus)
Red-spotted Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) Sounds
Anaxyrus speciosus
(= Bufo speciosus)
Texas Toad (Girard, 1854) Sounds
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad (Girard, 1854)  
(Hybrids of A. woodhousii x A. fowleri)
(Formerly  Anaxyrus woodhousii velatus)
East Texas Toad ?  
Eleutherodactylus Rain Frogs Duméril and Bibron, 1841  
Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides Rio Grande Chirping Frog (Cope, 1877)  
  Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides campi
  (= Syrrhophus cystignathoides campi)
Rio Grande Chirping Frog Stejneger, 1915 Sounds
Eleutherodactylus marnockii
(= Syrrhophus marnockii)
Cliff Chirping Frog (Cope, 1878) Sounds
Gastrophryne North American Narrow-mouthed Toads Fitzinger, 1843  
Gastrophryne olivacea Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad (Hallowell, 1857 “1856”) Sounds
Hyla Holarctic Treefrogs Laurenti, 1768  
Hyla cinerea (Dryophytes cinereus) Green Treefrog Schneider, 1799 Sounds
Hyla squirella Squirrel Treefrog Bosc, 1800 Sounds
Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog LeConte, 1825 Sounds
Hypopachus Sheep Frogs Keferstein, 1867  
Hypopachus variolosus Sheep Frog (Cope, 1866) Sounds
Incilius Central American Toads Cope, 1875  
Incilius nebulifer (valliceps)
(= Bufo nebulifer)
Gulf Coast Toad (Coastal Plain Toad) (Girard, 1854) Sounds
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843  
Lithobates berlandieri
(=Rana berlandieri)
Rio Grande Leopard Frog (Baird, 1854) Sounds
Lithobates catesbeianus
(=Rana catesbeiana)
American Bullfrog (Shaw, 1802) Sounds
Lithobates clamitans
(= Bronze Frog - Rana clamitans clamitans)
Green Frog (Latreille, 1801) Sounds
  Lithobates sphenocephalus
  (= Rana sphenocephala)
Southern Leopard Frog (Cope, 1886) Sounds
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843  
Pseudacris clarkii Spotted Chorus Frog (Baird, 1854) Sounds
Pseudacris streckeri Strecker's Chorus Frog Wright and Wright, 1933 Sounds
Rhinella South American Toads Fitzinger, 1826  
Rhinella marina
(= Bufo marinus)
Cane Toad (Linnaeus, 1758)  
Smilisca Mexican Treefrogs Cope, 1865  
Smilisca baudinii Mexican Treefrog (Duméril and Bibron, 1841) Sounds
Scaphiopus North American Spadefoots Holbrook, 1836  
Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot Baird, 1854 Baird, 1854
Scaphiopus hurterii Hurter's Spadefoot Strecker, 1910  
Spea Western Spadefoots Cope, 1866  
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot (Cope, 1863)  
Salamanders Scopoli, 1777  
Eurycea Brook Salamanders Rafinesque, 1822  
Eurycea nana San Marcos Salamander Bishop, 1941  
Eurycea sosorum Barton Springs Salamander Chippindale, Price and Hillis, 1993  
Eurycea troglodytes complex (Spring Salamander) Baker, 1957  
Eurycea rathbuni Texas Blind Salamander (Stejneger, 1896)  
Notophthalmus Eastern Newts Rafinesque, 1820  
Notophthalmus meridionalis Black-spotted Newt (Cope, 1880)  
  Notophthalmus meridionalis meridionalis Texas Black-spotted Newt (Cope, 1880)  
Plethodon Woodland Salamanders Tschudi, 1838  
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander Grobman, 1944  
Lizards Oppel, 1811  
Anolis Anoles Daudin, 1802  
Anolis carolinensis Green Anole (Voigt, 1832)  
  Anolis carolinensis carolinensis Northern Green Anole (Voigt, 1832)  
Anolis sagrei Cuban Brown Anole Duméril and Bibron, 1837  
Aspidoscelis Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843  
Aspidoscelis gularis Common Spotted Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
  Aspidoscelis gularis gularis Texas Spotted Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
Aspidoscelis inornata Little Striped Whiptail (Baird, 1859 “1858”)  
  Aspidoscelis inornata heptagramma
Trans-Pecos Striped Whiptail (Axtell, 1961)  
Aspidoscelis laredoensis Laredo Striped Whiptail (McKinney, Kay and Anderson, 1973)  
Aspidoscelis marmorata Marbled Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
  Aspidoscelis marmorata marmorata Western Marbled Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Aspidoscelis scalaris Plateau Spotted Whiptail (Cope, 1892)  
  Aspidoscelis scalaris septemvittata
Big Bend Spotted Whiptail (Cope, 1892)
Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner (Linnaeus, 1766)  
  Aspidoscelis sexlineata sexlineata (TX) Eastern Six-lined Racerunner (Linnaeus, 1766)  
  Aspidoscelis sexlineata stephensae
Texas Yellow-headed Racerunner (Trauth, 1992)  
Aspidoscelis tesselata Common Checkered Whiptail (Say 1823)  
Coleonyx Banded Geckos Gray, 1845  
Coleonyx brevis Texas Banded Gecko Stejneger, 1893  
Cophosaurus Greater Earless Lizards Troschel, 1852 “1850”  
Cophosaurus texanus Greater Earless Lizard Troschel, 1852 “1850”
  Cophosaurus texanus scitulus Chihuahuan Greater Earless Lizard (Peters, 1951)  
Cophosaurus texanus texanus Texas Greater Earless Lizard Troschel, 1852  
Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842  
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard (Say, 1823)  
Gerrhonotus Eastern Alligator Lizards Wiegmann, 1828  
Gerrhonotus infernalis Texas Alligator Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858”  
Hemidactylus House Geckos Gray, 1825  
Hemidactylus turcicus Mediterranean House Gecko (Linnaeus, 1758) Sounds
Holbrookia Lesser Earless Lizards Girard, 1851  
Holbrookia propinqua Keeled Earless Lizard Baird and Girard 1852  
  Holbrookia propinqua propinqua Northern Keeled Earless Lizard Baird and Girard 1852  
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828  
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard (Harlan, 1825)  
Phrynosoma modestum Round-tailed Horned Lizard Girard, 1852  
Plestiodon Toothy Skinks Duméril and Bibron, 1839  
Plestiodon anthracinus Coal Skink (Baird, 1850)  
  Plestiodon anthracinus pluvialis Southern Coal Skink (Cope, 1880)  
Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink (Linnaeus, 1758)  
Plestiodon tetragrammus Four-lined Skink Baird, 1859 “1858”  
  Plestiodon tetragrammus tetragrammus Long-lined Skink (Cope, 1880)  
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828  
Sceloporus bimaculosus Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard Phelan and Brattstrom, 1955  
Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard Baird and Girard, 1853  
Sceloporus (serrifer) cyanogenys Blue Spiny Lizard Cope, 1885  
Sceloporus merriami Canyon Lizard Stejneger, 1904
Sceloporus merriami annulatus Big Bend Canyon Lizard Smith, 1937  
Sceloporus merriami longipunctatus Presidio Canyon Lizard Olson, 1973  
Sceloporus merriami merriami Merriam's Canyon Lizard Stejneger, 1904  
Sceloporus olivaceous Texas Spiny Lizard Smith, 1934  
Sceloporus poinsetti Crevice Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
  Sceloporus poinsettii axtelli Texas Crevice Spiny Lizard Webb, 2006  
Sceloporus variabilis Rose-bellied Lizard Wiegmann, 1834
  Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus
  (Sceloporus marmoratus marmoratus)
Texas Rose-bellied Lizard Hallowell, 1852  
Scincella Ground Skinks Mittleman, 1950  
Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink (Say in James, 1823)  
Urosaurus Tree and Brush Lizards Hallowell, 1854  
Urosaurus ornatus Tree Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
Urosaurus ornatus ornatus Texas Tree Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)  
Urosaurus ornatus schmidti Big Bend Tree Lizard (Mittleman, 1940)  
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard in Stansbury 1852  
Uta stansburiana Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard, 1852  
  Uta stansburiana stejnegeri Eastern Side-blotched Lizard Schmidt, 1921  
Agkistrodon American Moccasins Palisot de Beauvois, 1799  
  Agkistrodon contortrix Eastern Copperhead (Linnaeus, 1766)  
  Agkistrodon laticinctus Broad-banded Copperhead Gloyd and Conant, 1934  
Agkistrodon piscivorus Cottonmouth (Lacépède, 1789)  
  Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
(Agkistrodon piscivorus)
Western Cottonmouth
(Northern Cottonmouth)
(Troost, 1836)  
Arizona Glossy Snakes Kennicott, in Baird, 1859  
Arizona elegans Glossy Snake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859  
  Arizona elegans elegans Kansas Glossy Snake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859  
Bogertophis Desert Ratsnakes Dowling and Price, 1988  
Bogertophis subocularis Trans-Pecos Ratsnake (Brown, 1901)  
  Bogertophis subocularis subocularis Northern Trans-Pecos Ratsnake (Brown, 1901)  
Coluber North American Racers,
Coachwhips and Whipsnakes
Linnaeus, 1758  
Coluber constrictor North American Racer Linnaeus, 1758  
  Coluber constrictor oaxaca Mexican Racer (Jan, 1863)  
Coluber flagellum Coachwhip Shaw, 1802  
  Coluber (= Masticophis) flagellum testaceus Western Coachwhip Say, in James, 1823  
Crotalus Rattlesnakes Linnaeus, 1758  
Crotalus atrox Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Baird and Girard, 1853  
Crotalus lepidus Rock Rattlesnake (Kennicott, 1861)  
  Crotalus lepidus lepidus Mottled Rock Rattlesnake (Kennicott, 1861)  
Crotalus ornatus Eastern Black-tailed Rattlesnake Hallowell, 1854  
Drymarchon Indigo Snakes Fitzinger, 1843  
Drymarchon melanurus Central American Indigo Snake (Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854)  
 Drymarchon melanurus erebennus Texas Indigo Snake (Cope, 1860)  
Gyalopian Western Hook-nosed Snakes Cope, 1861  
Gyalopion canum Chihuahuan Hook-nosed Snake Cope, 1861 “1860”  
Hypsiglena North American Nightsnakes Cope, 1860  
Hypsiglena jani Chihuahuan Nightsnake (Duges, 1866)  
  Hypsiglena jani texana Texas Nightsnake (Stejneger, 1893)  
Lampropeltis Kingsnakes Fitzinger, 1843  
Lampropeltis alterna Gray-banded Kingsnake (Blainville, 1835)  
Lampropeltis gentilis Western Milksnake Baird and Girard, 1853  
Lampropeltis splendida Desert Kingsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)  
Nerodia North American Watersnakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Nerodia erythrogaster
(former ssp. erythrogaster) (TX)
Plain-bellied Watersnake (Blotched Watersnake) (Forster, 1771)  
Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake (Hallowell, 1852)  
  Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer Northern Diamond-backed Watersnake (Hallowell, 1852)  
Pantherophis North American Ratsnakes Fitzinger, 1843  
Pantherophis bairdi
(=Elaphe bairdi)
Baird's Ratsnake (Yarrow, in Cope, 1880)  
Pantherophis emoryi
(=Elaphe emoryi emoryi & E. e. meahllmorum)
Great Plains Ratsnake
(Northern Plains Ratsnake & Southern Plains Ratsnake or Southwestern Ratsnake)
(Baird and Girard, 1853)  
Pantherophis obsoletus
(=Elaphe lindenheimeri)
Western Ratsnake
(=Texas Ratsnake)
(Say, 1823)  
Pituophis Bull Snakes, Pine Snakes,
and Gopher Snakes
Holbrook, 1842  
Pituophis catenifer Gopher Snake (Blainville, 1835)  
  Pituophis catenifer affinis Sonoran Gopher Snake (Hallowell, 1852)  
Rena Threadsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Rena dulcis Texas Threadsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)  
  Rena dulcis dulcis Plains Threadsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)  
Rhinocheilus Long-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Rhinocheilus lecontei (tesselatus) (Texas) Long-nosed Snake Long-nosed Snake  
Salvadora Patch-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Salvadora grahamiae Eastern Patch-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853  
  Salvadora grahamiae lineata Texas Patch-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853  
Salvadora hexalepis Western Patch-nosed Snake (Cope, 1866)  
  Salvadora hexalepis deserticola
  (Salvadora deserticola)
Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake Schmidt, 1940  
Sonora North American Groundsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Sonora semiannulata
(including Sonora episcopa)
Variable Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853  
Storeria North American Brownsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Storeria dekayi Dekay's Brownsnake (Holbrook, 1836)  
  Storeria dekayi texana Texas Brownsnake Trapido, 1944  
Tantilla Black-headed, Crowned,
and Flat-headed Snakes
Baird and Girard, 1853  
Tantilla gracilis Flat-headed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853  
Thamnophis North American Gartersnakes Fitzinger, 1843  
Thamnophis cyrtopsis Black-necked Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860)  
  Thamnophis cyrtopsis ocellatus Eastern Black-necked Gartersnake (Cope, 1880)  
Thamnophis marcianus Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)  
  Thamnophis marcianus marcianus Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)  
Thamnophis proximus Western Ribbonsnake (Say, 1823)  
  Thamnophis proximus orarius Gulf Coast Ribbon Snake Rossman, 1963  
  Thamnophis proximus rubrilineatus Red-striped Ribbon Snake Rossman, 1963  
Virginia North American Earthsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853  
Virginia striatula Rough Earth Snake (Linnaeus, 1766)  
Turtles Linnaeus, 1758  
Apalone North American Softshells Rafinesque, 1832  
Apalone spinifera Spiny Softshell (LeSueur, 1827)  
Apalone spinifera guadalupensis Guadalupe Spiny Softshell (Webb, 1962)  
Chelydra Snapping Turtles Schweigger, 1812  
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758)  
Gopherus Gopher Tortoises Rafinesque, 1832  
Gopherus berlandieri Texas Tortoise (Agassiz, 1857)  
Graptemys Map Turtles Agassiz, 1857  
Graptemys versa Texas Map Turtle Stejneger, 1925  
Kinosternon American Mud Turtles Spix, 1824  
Kinosternon flavescens Yellow Mud Turtle    
Kinosternon subrubrum Eastern Mud Turtle (Lacépède, 1788)  
  Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis Mississippi Mud Turtle Gray, 1855  
Pseudemys Cooters Gray, 1856  
Pseudemys texana Texas Cooter Baur, 1893  
Sternotherus Musk Turtles Gray, 1825  
Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle (Latreille, in Sonnini and Latreille, 1801)  
Terrapene American Box Turtles Merrem, 1820  
Terapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)  
  Terrapene ornata luetola Desert Box Turtle Smith and Ramsey, 1952  
Trachemys Sliders Agassiz, 1857  
Trachemys gaigeae Mexican Plateau Slider (Hartweg, 1939)  
  Trachemys gaigeae gaigeae Big Bend Slider (Hartweg, 1939)  
Trachemys scripta Pond Slider (Schoepff, 1792)  
  Trachemys scripta elegans Red-eared Slider (Wied-Neuwied, 1838)  

Alligator Alligators Cuvier, 1807  
Alligator mississipiensis American Alligator (Daudin, 1802 “1801”)  

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